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How To Access Appearance Settings in Ubuntu 22.04 Command Line

Ubuntu 15

In this article, we will guide you through the process of accessing the Appearance settings in Ubuntu 22.04 using the command line. This can be particularly useful when you want to customize your Ubuntu interface, but the Appearance option is missing from the settings after an upgrade.

Quick Answer

To access Appearance settings in Ubuntu 22.04 command line, you can use the gnome-control-center command with a specific environment variable, edit the .xsessionrc file in your home directory, or create a new .desktop file in the /etc/xdg/autostart/ directory. These solutions will help you customize your Ubuntu interface even if the Appearance option is missing from the settings menu.

Understanding the Problem

After upgrading to Ubuntu 22.04, some users have reported that the Appearance option in the settings menu is missing. This option allows users to customize the look and feel of the Ubuntu interface, including the background, dock location, and theme. Without this option, it can be difficult to customize the interface to your liking.

Solution 1: Using the gnome-control-center command

The first solution involves using the gnome-control-center command with a specific environment variable.

  1. Open a terminal. You can do this by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T.
  2. Run the following command:
XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP=ubuntu:GNOME gnome-control-center

In this command, XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP is an environment variable that specifies the current desktop environment. ubuntu:GNOME is the value that tells the system we’re using the GNOME desktop environment with Ubuntu modifications. gnome-control-center is the command that opens the GNOME Control Center, where you can access the settings.

This should bring back the Appearance menu item. However, note that changing the dock location from here may not have any effect.

Solution 2: Editing the .xsessionrc file

The second solution involves adding a line to the .xsessionrc file in your home directory.

  1. Open a terminal.
  2. Run the following command:
echo 'export XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP=ubuntu:GNOME' >> ~/.xsessionrc

In this command, echo is used to output the string that follows. 'export XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP=ubuntu:GNOME' is the string that is added to the .xsessionrc file. The >> operator appends the output of the echo command to the .xsessionrc file.

  1. Log out and log back in to the desktop session.

The Appearance option should now be available in the settings.

Note: If you are using Wayland, you may need to edit ~/.gnomerc instead of ~/.xsessionrc.

Solution 3: Creating a .desktop file

The third solution involves creating a new .desktop file in the /etc/xdg/autostart/ directory.

  1. Open a terminal.
  2. Run the following commands:
sudo nano /etc/xdg/autostart/set-desktop.desktop

This command opens a new file named set-desktop.desktop in the nano text editor with superuser permissions.

Add the following content to the file:

[Desktop Entry]
Type=Application
Name=Set XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP
Exec=env XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP=ubuntu:GNOME

In this content, [Desktop Entry] is a header that starts the .desktop file. Type=Application specifies that this file is an application. Name=Set XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP is the name of the application. Exec=env XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP=ubuntu:GNOME is the command that is executed when the application is run.

  1. Save the file by pressing Ctrl + X, then Y, then Enter.
  2. Restart your system.

The Appearance option should now be available in the settings.

Conclusion

In this article, we have discussed three solutions to restore the Appearance option in Ubuntu 22.04. These solutions involve using the command line to set an environment variable, editing a file in your home directory, or creating a new .desktop file. We hope that one of these solutions will help you customize your Ubuntu interface to your liking.

Why is the Appearance option missing in Ubuntu 22.04 after an upgrade?

The Appearance option may be missing after an upgrade due to changes in the settings menu. This can happen when there are updates to the desktop environment or modifications to the system configuration.

How can I access the Appearance settings in Ubuntu 22.04 using the command line?

To access the Appearance settings in Ubuntu 22.04 using the command line, you can use the gnome-control-center command with a specific environment variable. Open a terminal and run the command XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP=ubuntu:GNOME gnome-control-center. This will open the GNOME Control Center where you can access the Appearance settings.

What should I do if changing the dock location from the Appearance settings does not have any effect?

If changing the dock location from the Appearance settings does not have any effect, you can try other methods such as using a dock customization tool or editing the dock settings directly. There are various third-party tools available that allow you to customize the dock in Ubuntu.

How can I add the XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP variable to the .xsessionrc file?

To add the XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP variable to the .xsessionrc file, open a terminal and run the command echo 'export XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP=ubuntu:GNOME' >> ~/.xsessionrc. This will append the export command to the .xsessionrc file in your home directory. Remember to log out and log back in to the desktop session for the changes to take effect.

What should I do if I am using Wayland instead of Xorg?

If you are using Wayland instead of Xorg, you may need to edit the ~/.gnomerc file instead of the ~/.xsessionrc file. Wayland uses a different session management system, so the environment variable needs to be set in the appropriate file for Wayland.

How can I create a new .desktop file in the /etc/xdg/autostart/ directory?

To create a new .desktop file in the /etc/xdg/autostart/ directory, open a terminal and run the command sudo nano /etc/xdg/autostart/set-desktop.desktop. This will open a new file named set-desktop.desktop in the nano text editor with superuser permissions. You can then add the necessary content to the file and save it. Remember to restart your system for the changes to take effect.

What should I do if none of the solutions work for me?

If none of the solutions work for you, it is recommended to seek further assistance from the Ubuntu community forums or ask for help on online support platforms. Other users may have encountered similar issues and can provide guidance or alternative solutions based on their experiences.

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