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How To Burn Windows 10 ISO to USB

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In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the process of burning a Windows 10 ISO file to a USB drive. This is a crucial step if you’re planning to install Windows 10 on a system without an optical drive. We will cover three methods: using the dd command, using WoeUSB, and using Rufus.

Quick Answer

To burn a Windows 10 ISO to a USB drive, you can use the dd command in the terminal, WoeUSB, or Rufus. Each method has its own advantages, so choose the one that suits your needs and technical comfort level.

Preparing the USB Drive

Before we begin, ensure that your USB drive has at least 8GB of storage and that all important data has been backed up, as this process will erase everything on the drive.

Method 1: Using dd Command

The dd command is a powerful Unix tool used for converting and copying files.

Open your terminal and type the following command:

sudo dd if=/path/to/windows.iso of=/dev/sdX bs=4M

Here’s what each parameter does:

  • if stands for “input file”. Replace /path/to/windows.iso with the path to your Windows 10 ISO file.
  • of stands for “output file”. Replace /dev/sdX with your USB drive’s device name.
  • bs stands for “block size”. Setting it to 4M speeds up the burning process.

Please note that this method might not work for all systems.

Method 2: Using WoeUSB

WoeUSB is a simple tool that enables you to create your own bootable Windows installation USB storage device from an existing Windows Installation disc or disk image.

First, install WoeUSB by running the following commands in a terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8
sudo apt update
sudo apt install woeusb

Once installed, use the following command to burn the ISO to the USB drive:

sudo woeusb --target-filesystem NTFS --device /path/to/windows.iso /dev/sdX

In this command:

  • --target-filesystem NTFS specifies the file system of the target USB drive.
  • --device specifies the source ISO file and the target USB drive.

Method 3: Using Rufus

If you have access to a Windows system, you can use Rufus, a popular tool for creating bootable USB drives.

After downloading and running Rufus:

  1. Insert your USB drive and select it in Rufus.
  2. Choose the Windows 10 ISO file.
  3. Click “Start” to create the bootable USB drive.


Burning a Windows 10 ISO to a USB drive is a practical solution for installing the operating system on a device without an optical drive. Whether you prefer using the dd command, WoeUSB, or Rufus, each method has its own advantages. Choose the one that best fits your needs and technical comfort level.

Can I use a USB drive with less than 8GB of storage for burning the Windows 10 ISO?

No, it is recommended to use a USB drive with at least 8GB of storage to ensure that there is enough space for the Windows 10 ISO file and any necessary installation files.

Will burning a Windows 10 ISO to a USB drive delete all the data on the USB drive?

Yes, the process of burning a Windows 10 ISO to a USB drive will erase all the data on the drive. It is important to backup any important data before proceeding with the burning process.

Can I use the `dd` command method on a Windows system?

No, the dd command is a Unix tool and is not available on Windows systems. It can only be used on Unix-based operating systems like Linux or macOS.

Can I use WoeUSB on a Windows system?

No, WoeUSB is a tool specifically designed for Linux-based systems. It is not compatible with Windows.

Is Rufus available for macOS or Linux?

No, Rufus is a Windows-only tool. It is not available for macOS or Linux systems.

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