In this article, we will discuss the location of Chromedriver on Ubuntu and how to access it. We will also cover how to add the Chromedriver binary to your PATH, and how to create a symlink to it.
The Chromedriver binary is installed in the /usr/lib/chromium-browser/ directory on Ubuntu when you install the chromium-chromedriver package. However, it is not in the system’s PATH by default. You can add it to the PATH using the export command or create a symlink from /usr/bin to the chromedriver binary.
What is Chromedriver?
Chromedriver is a standalone server that implements the W3C WebDriver standard. It is used by Selenium WebDriver for automating browser activities.
Installation of Chromedriver on Ubuntu
First, let’s start with the installation of Chromedriver on Ubuntu. You can install the
chromium-chromedriver package using the following command:
sudo apt-get install chromium-chromedriver
This command will download and install the Chromedriver package from the Ubuntu repositories.
Location of Chromedriver
By default, the
chromedriver binary is installed in the
/usr/lib/chromium-browser/ directory when you install the
chromium-chromedriver package on Ubuntu.
You can verify this by navigating to the directory and listing its contents:
However, if you run
which chromedriver command, it may not return anything because the binary is not in your system’s PATH by default.
Adding Chromedriver to the PATH
To add the
chromedriver binary to your PATH, you can use the
export command. The
export command in Linux is used to export a variable or function to the environment of all the child processes running in the current shell. Here’s how you can do it:
This command adds the
/usr/lib/chromium-browser/ directory to your system’s PATH.
Creating a Symlink to Chromedriver
Alternatively, you can create a symlink from
/usr/bin to the
chromedriver binary. A symlink, or symbolic link, is a file that points to another file or directory. This can be done using the
ln command with the
-s option which creates symbolic links.
sudo ln -s /usr/lib/chromium-browser/chromedriver /usr/bin/chromedriver
This command creates a symlink named
chromedriver in the
/usr/bin directory that points to the actual
chromedriver binary in the
/usr/lib/chromium-browser/ directory. This will allow you to access
chromedriver from anywhere in your system.
Specifying the Path to Chromedriver in Code
If you want to specify the path to
chromedriver directly in your code, you can do so as follows:
driver = webdriver.Chrome('/usr/lib/chromium-browser/chromedriver')
This line of code creates a new instance of the Chrome driver and specifies the path to the
In this article, we discussed the location of Chromedriver on Ubuntu, how to add it to your PATH, and how to create a symlink to it. We also touched on how to specify the path to Chromedriver in your code. These steps should help you in setting up and using Chromedriver on your Ubuntu system.
For more information and troubleshooting, you can refer to the Stack Overflow thread here. Additionally, you can use the
dpkg -L chromium-chromedriver command to see all the files included in the
You can check the version of Chromedriver installed on Ubuntu by running the command
chromedriver --version in the terminal.
To update Chromedriver on Ubuntu, you can use the package manager
apt-get. Run the command
sudo apt-get update to update the package list, and then run
sudo apt-get upgrade chromium-chromedriver to upgrade Chromedriver to the latest version.
No, Chromedriver is specifically designed for use with the Chrome browser. If you want to automate Firefox, you will need to use GeckoDriver, and for Opera, you will need to use OperaDriver.
To uninstall Chromedriver from Ubuntu, you can use the command
sudo apt-get remove chromium-chromedriver. This will remove the Chromedriver package from your system.
You can check if Chromedriver is in your system’s PATH by running the command
which chromedriver in the terminal. If Chromedriver is in the PATH, it will display the path to the binary. If it is not in the PATH, it will not return any output.
Yes, you can use Chromedriver on other Linux distributions as long as you have the Chrome browser installed. The installation steps may vary depending on the package manager used by the distribution.
No, Chromedriver is designed to be compatible with specific versions of the Chrome browser. It is recommended to use the version of Chromedriver that matches the version of Chrome installed on your system. You can check the compatibility matrix on the official Chromedriver website for more information.
Yes, Chromedriver can be used with Selenium in various programming languages such as Python, Java, C#, and Ruby. The syntax for using Chromedriver may differ slightly depending on the programming language, but the basic functionality remains the same.
If you encounter any issues with Chromedriver on Ubuntu, you can refer to the official Chromedriver documentation for troubleshooting steps. Additionally, you can search for specific error messages on platforms like Stack Overflow, where you can find solutions to common problems faced by developers.
Yes, Chromedriver supports headless browsing, which allows you to run Chrome in a headless mode without a graphical user interface. You can enable headless mode by setting the
--headless flag when launching Chromedriver.