Software & AppsOperating SystemLinux

How To Create a Word Document in Docx Form with Terminal

Ubuntu 16

In the digital age, we often find ourselves needing to create, modify, or convert documents. While there are many GUI-based applications available for these tasks, sometimes it’s more efficient or necessary to use the command line, especially for automation or remote operations. In this article, we will explore how to create a Word document in the .docx format using the terminal.

Prerequisites

Before we begin, ensure that you have a terminal application and access to the command line. This guide is applicable to Unix-based systems like Linux or MacOS. For Windows users, these steps can be followed using the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL).

Using Pandoc

Pandoc is a powerful, versatile command-line tool that can convert files between various markup formats, including .docx. If Pandoc is not installed on your system, you can install it using the package manager for your system. For example, on Ubuntu, you can install Pandoc with sudo apt-get install pandoc.

Creating a Docx File

To create a .docx file with Pandoc, use the following command:

echo "Hello, World!" | pandoc -o output.docx

Here’s what each part of this command does:

  • echo "Hello, World!": This prints the text “Hello, World!” to the standard output.
  • |: This is a pipe. It takes the output from the command on its left (in this case, the echo command) and uses it as the input for the command on its right.
  • pandoc -o output.docx: This tells Pandoc to take the input (the text “Hello, World!”) and convert it into a .docx file named “output.docx”.

Using LibreOffice

LibreOffice is a free and open-source office suite that provides a command-line tool called soffice. This tool can convert files to different formats, including .docx. If LibreOffice is not installed on your system, you can install it using the package manager for your system. For example, on Ubuntu, you can install LibreOffice with sudo apt-get install libreoffice.

Creating a Docx File

To create a .docx file with LibreOffice, use the following command:

echo "Hello, World!" > input.txt
soffice --convert-to docx input.txt

Here’s what each part of this command does:

  • echo "Hello, World!" > input.txt: This prints the text “Hello, World!” and redirects it into a file named “input.txt”.
  • soffice --convert-to docx input.txt: This tells LibreOffice to take the file “input.txt” and convert it into a .docx file.

Conclusion

In this article, we’ve explored two different ways to create a Word document in .docx format using the terminal: with Pandoc and with LibreOffice. Both methods are effective and can be used depending on what tools are available or preferred. Remember, the power of the command line lies in its flexibility and potential for automation. Happy coding!

What is the difference between a .doc and a .docx file?

The .doc file format is the older format used by Microsoft Word, while the .docx file format is the newer XML-based format. The .docx format offers better compatibility with other software and improved file size compared to .doc files.

Can I convert a .docx file to a .doc file?

Yes, it is possible to convert a .docx file to a .doc file. Both Pandoc and LibreOffice mentioned in this article can handle this conversion. Simply change the output file extension to .doc instead of .docx in the respective commands.

Can I customize the formatting of the Word document created using the terminal?

Yes, both Pandoc and LibreOffice provide options to customize the formatting of the output Word document. For example, with Pandoc, you can use the --reference-doc option to specify a custom template file that contains your desired formatting. With LibreOffice, you can use the --convert-to option followed by the desired output format and additional parameters to control the formatting.

Can I include images or other media in the Word document created using the terminal?

Yes, both Pandoc and LibreOffice support the inclusion of images and other media in the output Word document. You can use the appropriate syntax or options provided by the tools to insert images or specify media paths in your input files or commands.

Can I convert other file formats to .docx using the terminal?

Yes, both Pandoc and LibreOffice support the conversion of various file formats to .docx, including HTML, Markdown, LaTeX, and more. The commands and options may vary depending on the input file format, but the general approach remains the same.

Are there any limitations or considerations when creating Word documents using the terminal?

While creating Word documents using the terminal is a powerful method, there are a few limitations to keep in mind. The formatting options may be more limited compared to using a GUI-based editor, and complex layouts or advanced features may require additional configuration or scripting. Additionally, it’s important to ensure that the input files or commands are properly formatted and structured to avoid any unexpected results in the output document.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *