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What is the Default TTY Font in Ubuntu/Debian?

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The terminal, or TTY (teletypewriter), is an essential tool for system administrators and developers working with Linux distributions like Ubuntu and Debian. One aspect of the terminal that is often overlooked but contributes significantly to its usability is the font. In this article, we will explore the default TTY font in Ubuntu and Debian, how to identify it, and how to change it if necessary.

Quick Answer

The default TTY font in Ubuntu and Debian is typically from the Fixed font family. However, the exact font can vary depending on the version and configuration of your system. To identify the default TTY font, you can check the /etc/default/console-setup file. If you wish to change the default TTY font, you can use the dpkg-reconfigure console-setup command to launch a wizard that will guide you through the process.

Understanding the TTY Font

The TTY font, also known as the console font, is the typeface used to display text in the terminal. This font is designed for readability and efficiency, making it easier to work with command-line interfaces. The default TTY font can vary depending on the version and configuration of your Ubuntu or Debian system.

Ubuntu’s Default TTY Font

In Ubuntu 11.10, the default GUI monospace terminal font is Ubuntu Mono from the Ubuntu Font Family. However, the Linux console font is typically the Terminus Font.

In more recent versions, such as Ubuntu 18.04 and onwards, the default console font appears to be an 8×16 font from the Fixed family. The exact font file can be found in /etc/default/console-setup.

Debian’s Default TTY Font

Similar to Ubuntu, Debian also uses the Fixed font family for its console font. However, the exact font might vary based on the version and configuration of the Debian system.

Identifying the Default TTY Font

You can identify the current console font in use by navigating to the /etc/default/console-setup file. This file contains the configuration for the console setup, including the font settings.

To view this file, you can use the cat command in the terminal:

cat /etc/default/console-setup

This command will display the contents of the file, and you should see a line similar to this:

FONTFACE="Fixed"
FONTSIZE="8x16"

The FONTFACE parameter specifies the font family, and the FONTSIZE parameter specifies the size of the font.

Changing the Default TTY Font

If you wish to change the default TTY font, Ubuntu and Debian provide a tool called dpkg-reconfigure. This tool allows you to reconfigure an already installed package using a series of questions.

To change the console font, you can use the console-setup package:

sudo dpkg-reconfigure console-setup

This command will start a wizard that will guide you through the process of changing the console font. You can select from a variety of font families and sizes to suit your preferences.

Conclusion

The default TTY font in Ubuntu and Debian is typically from the Fixed family, but it can vary depending on the version and configuration of your system. By understanding how to identify and change this font, you can customize your terminal to better suit your needs and preferences. Remember that readability and efficiency are crucial when working with the terminal, so choose a font that facilitates these aspects.

For more information about console fonts and how to work with them, you can refer to the Ubuntu community documentation and the Debian Wiki.

How do I change the TTY font in Ubuntu?

To change the TTY font in Ubuntu, you can use the dpkg-reconfigure console-setup command. This will launch a wizard that guides you through the process of selecting a new font family and size.

How do I identify the default TTY font in Debian?

To identify the default TTY font in Debian, you can navigate to the /etc/default/console-setup file and view its contents using the cat command. The FONTFACE parameter specifies the font family, and the FONTSIZE parameter specifies the size of the font.

What is the default TTY font in Ubuntu 11.10?

In Ubuntu 11.10, the default GUI monospace terminal font is Ubuntu Mono from the Ubuntu Font Family. However, the Linux console font is typically the Terminus Font.

Where can I find the default console font file in Ubuntu 18.04 and later versions?

In Ubuntu 18.04 and onwards, the default console font file can be found in /etc/default/console-setup. The font appears to be an 8×16 font from the Fixed family.

Can I customize the TTY font in Debian?

Yes, you can customize the TTY font in Debian. By using the dpkg-reconfigure console-setup command, you can select a new font family and size to suit your preferences.

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