Secure Shell (SSH) is a widely used protocol that provides secure, encrypted connections to network services. When you log in via SSH, you might notice a banner that displays a message before the command prompt. While this banner can be useful for conveying information to users, there may be instances where you want to disable or modify it. This article will guide you through the process of disabling or modifying the SSH login banner for a specific user.
To disable the SSH login banner for a specific user, you can create an empty file named
.hushlogin in the user’s home directory or modify the SSH client configuration to suppress the banner display. To modify the SSH login banner, you can edit the
/etc/ssh/sshd_config file and specify the path to the custom banner message.
Understanding SSH Login Banner
SSH login banners are typically used to display a legal notice or general information about the server. They are defined in the SSH server configuration file, usually located at
/etc/ssh/sshd_config. However, the banner can be customized on a per-user basis or disabled entirely.
Disabling SSH Login Banner for a Specific User
Method 1: Using .hushlogin File
One of the simplest ways to disable the SSH login banner for a specific user is to create an empty file named
.hushlogin in the user’s home directory. This can be done by running the following command:
touch command is used to create a new empty file. The
~ symbol represents the user’s home directory, and
.hushlogin is the name of the file. Once this file is created, the SSH login banner will be suppressed for that user.
Method 2: Modifying SSH Client Configuration
Another method to disable the banner is to modify the SSH client configuration. When connecting to the SSH server, you can set the log level to
Error using the
ssh -o LogLevel=Error user@hostname
In this command,
ssh initiates the SSH command,
-o allows you to specify options, and
LogLevel=Error sets the logging level to ‘Error’, which suppresses the display of the login banner.
Modifying SSH Login Banner
To modify the SSH login banner, you can edit the
/etc/ssh/sshd_config file. This file contains various configuration options for the SSH server, including the
Banner option which defines the login banner.
To modify the banner, open the
/etc/ssh/sshd_config file in a text editor:
sudo nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config
In this file, find the line that starts with
#Banner. Remove the
# to uncomment the line, and then specify the path to the file that contains your custom banner message:
After making these changes, save and close the file. Then, restart the SSH service to apply the changes:
sudo service ssh restart
In this command,
sudo is used to run the command as the root user,
service is a utility to start, stop, and manage services,
ssh is the name of the service, and
restart is the action to perform.
Whether you want to disable the SSH login banner for a specific user or modify it to display a custom message, the steps outlined in this article should help you achieve your goal. Remember, while modifying system files, it’s always a good idea to create a backup first. This way, you can restore the original settings if something goes wrong. Happy SSHing!
To check if the SSH login banner is enabled for a specific user, you can navigate to the user’s home directory and look for the presence of the
.hushlogin file. If the file exists, it means that the login banner is disabled for that user.
Yes, you can disable the SSH login banner for all users by modifying the SSH server configuration file (
/etc/ssh/sshd_config). Find the line that starts with
#Banner and uncomment it by removing the
#. Then, replace the path with
none as follows:
Banner none. Save the file and restart the SSH service for the changes to take effect.