Security-Enhanced Linux (SELinux) is a Linux kernel security module that provides a mechanism for supporting access control security policies. It helps administrators have more control over who can access the system and what they can do. In this article, we will guide you through the process of enabling SELinux on Ubuntu.
To enable SELinux on Ubuntu, you first need to install it using the
sudo apt-get install selinux command. Then, configure SELinux by editing the
/etc/selinux/config file and adding the necessary lines. After saving the file, reboot your system using
sudo reboot. Finally, check the status of SELinux using the
sestatus -v command to ensure it is enabled.
Installation of SELinux
Before we can enable SELinux, we first need to install it. Open your terminal and run the following command:
sudo apt-get install selinux
This command uses the
apt-get package handling utility to install SELinux. The
install command is self-explanatory – it instructs
apt-get to install the
selinux package. The
sudo command is used to run this command with root privileges, which are necessary for installing software.
After installing SELinux, we need to configure it. The configuration file for SELinux is located at
/etc/selinux/config. Open this file in your preferred text editor by running:
sudo nano /etc/selinux/config
In this command,
nano is a text editor, and
sudo is used to run it with root privileges.
Ensure the configuration file contains the following lines:
SELINUX=permissive SELINUXTYPE=default SETLOCALDEFS=0
Here’s what each line does:
SELINUX=permissive: This sets the SELinux policy to permissive mode. In this mode, SELinux will log policy violations but will not enforce them.
SELINUXTYPE=default: This sets the policy type to be used by SELinux. The default policy is a good starting point for most systems.
SETLOCALDEFS=0: This disables the local definition of file contexts.
Save the file and exit the text editor.
Rebooting the System
The changes we made to the SELinux configuration file will not take effect until the system is rebooted. Reboot your system by running the following command:
Checking the SELinux Status
After your system has rebooted, you can check the status of SELinux to ensure it is enabled. Run the following command:
This command will display the status of SELinux. If SELinux is enabled, you should see output indicating that it is in permissive mode.
In conclusion, SELinux is a powerful tool for managing access control on your system. By following the steps in this article, you can enable SELinux on Ubuntu and start leveraging its features to enhance your system’s security. Remember to always test changes in a safe environment before applying them to your production systems.
SELinux stands for Security-Enhanced Linux and is a Linux kernel security module that provides access control security policies. It helps administrators have more control over who can access the system and what they can do.
To install SELinux on Ubuntu, open your terminal and run the command
sudo apt-get install selinux. This will install the SELinux package using the
apt-get package handling utility.
The SELinux configuration file is located at
/etc/selinux/config. You can open this file in your preferred text editor using the command
sudo nano /etc/selinux/config.
To check the status of SELinux, run the command
sestatus -v in the terminal. This will display the status of SELinux, indicating whether it is enabled or not.