Transport Layer Security (TLS) is a protocol that provides privacy and data integrity between two communicating applications. It’s the most widely deployed security protocol used today. However, older versions of TLS, such as TLS 1.0 and 1.1, are considered less secure and have been deprecated in favor of newer, more secure versions like TLS 1.2 and 1.3.
Despite this, there may be specific situations where you need to enable TLS 1.0 and 1.1, such as supporting older devices or services. In this article, we’ll guide you through the process of enabling these protocols on Ubuntu 20.04.
To enable TLS 1.0 and TLS 1.1 on Ubuntu 20.04, you can modify the Nginx configuration file to include these protocols in the
ssl_protocols directive. For GnuTLS, you need to create a configuration file and specify the ‘NORMAL’ set of protocols. Remember that enabling older TLS versions can have security implications, so it’s important to carefully consider the risks and have a valid reason for doing so.
Before we begin, ensure that you have root or sudo access to your Ubuntu 20.04 system. You will also need to have Nginx or Apache installed, depending on your server setup.
Enabling TLS 1.0 and 1.1 in Nginx
If you’re using Nginx, follow these steps:
- Edit the Nginx configuration file. The file is typically located at
/etc/nginx/sites-available/default. You can use a text editor like nano or vim to open the file. For example:
sudo nano /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
- Locate the
ssl_protocolsdirective. This directive specifies the SSL protocols for secure communication. Add
TLSv1.1to the list of protocols. For instance:
This line of code tells Nginx to use TLS versions 1.0, 1.1, 1.2, and 1.3 for secure communication.
ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3;
- Save and close the file. If you’re using nano, you can do this by pressing
Yto confirm the save, and finally
- Restart Nginx. The changes will only take effect after Nginx is restarted. You can do this by running:
sudo systemctl restart nginx
Enabling TLS 1.0 and 1.1 in GnuTLS
If you’re using GnuTLS, follow these steps:
- Create a GnuTLS configuration file. If it doesn’t already exist, create a file at
sudo nano /etc/gnutls/config
- Add the following content to the file:
This tells GnuTLS to use the ‘NORMAL’ set of protocols, ciphers, MACs, and key exchange algorithms, which includes TLS 1.0 and 1.1.
[overrides] default-priority-string = NORMAL
- Save and close the file. Just like before, press
Y, and finally
- Restart any services that use GnuTLS. This will depend on your specific setup, but could include services like the Evolution email client.
While enabling TLS 1.0 and 1.1 can be necessary in certain situations, it’s important to remember that these older versions are less secure and have been deprecated. Whenever possible, it’s recommended to use TLS 1.2 or higher.
Please note that modifying system-wide SSL/TLS settings can have security implications, so it’s crucial to carefully consider the risks and ensure that you have a valid reason for enabling older TLS versions.
For more information on TLS and its versions, you can visit the official TLS page on the IETF website. For more details on configuring Nginx or GnuTLS, check out the Nginx documentation or the GnuTLS documentation.
TLS 1.0 and 1.1 have known vulnerabilities and weaknesses that make them less secure compared to newer versions like TLS 1.2 and 1.3. These vulnerabilities include the susceptibility to attacks like POODLE and BEAST. To maintain a higher level of security, it is recommended to use the newer TLS versions.
No, enabling TLS 1.0 and 1.1 requires root or sudo access as it involves modifying system-wide SSL/TLS settings. Without the necessary permissions, you won’t be able to make the required changes to enable these protocols.
Enabling TLS 1.0 and 1.1 can pose security risks as these versions are known to have vulnerabilities. By enabling them, you are potentially exposing your system to attacks that can exploit these weaknesses. It is important to carefully consider the risks and ensure that you have a valid reason for enabling older TLS versions.
Yes, you can enable TLS 1.0 and 1.1 on other web servers like Apache by modifying the server configuration files. The steps may vary slightly depending on the server software you are using, but the general concept remains the same.
You can use the
openssl command-line tool to check the TLS version being used. Open a terminal and run the following command:
openssl s_client -connect localhost:443 -tls1_2
localhost:443 with the appropriate hostname and port for your system. If the connection is successful, it will display the TLS version being used.