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How To Fix “End Kernel Panic” Error During Ubuntu Installation on Windows 7

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In this guide, we’ll explore how to resolve the “End Kernel Panic” error that may occur during the installation of Ubuntu on a Windows 7 system. This error, often displayed as “end kernel panic – not syncing: vfs: unable to mount root fs on unknown block(2,0)”, can be quite frustrating. However, with the right steps, it can be resolved effectively.

Understanding the Error

Before diving into the solutions, it’s important to understand what the error means. The “End Kernel Panic” error is a safety measure that the Linux kernel takes when it encounters a fatal error from which it cannot safely recover. The error message “vfs: unable to mount root fs on unknown block(2,0)” indicates that the kernel is unable to access the root file system.

Possible Causes

The error could be due to several reasons such as:

  • Using a USB formatted as NTFS instead of FAT32
  • Inadequate system requirements
  • Corrupted USB media
  • Attempting to install Ubuntu on a FAT or NTFS file system
  • Hardware issues, particularly with RAM

Now, let’s look at how to address these issues.

Solution 1: Change the USB Format

If you’re using a USB to install Ubuntu, ensure that it’s formatted as FAT32. To do this on Windows, follow these steps:

  1. Right-click on the USB drive in the File Explorer and select “Format.”
  2. In the Format window, select FAT32 as the file system.
  3. Click “Start” to begin the format process.

Note: Formatting will erase all data on the USB drive. Ensure to back up any important data before proceeding.

Solution 2: Check System Requirements

Ensure your computer meets the minimum system requirements for Ubuntu 14.04. If your system has less than 3-4 GB of RAM, consider downloading the 32-bit version of Ubuntu instead.

Solution 3: Verify USB Media Integrity

A corrupted USB media could cause the error. Try recreating the Live USB by formatting it again on a different system and then recreating the Ubuntu installation media. You can use tools like Linux Live USB Creator for this purpose.

Solution 4: Avoid Installing on FAT or NTFS File Systems

It’s recommended not to install Ubuntu on a FAT or NTFS file system. Instead, during the installation process, create a dedicated partition formatted as ext4 for the Ubuntu installation.

Solution 5: Check for Hardware Issues

In some cases, the error may be related to hardware issues. Check if your RAM is fully recognized by the BIOS. If not, try removing or replacing faulty RAM modules.


While the “End Kernel Panic” error can be daunting, it’s usually solvable with a bit of troubleshooting. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you should be able to overcome this hurdle and successfully install Ubuntu on your Windows 7 machine. If none of the above solutions work, consider seeking further assistance from the Ubuntu community or a professional.

What is the difference between FAT32 and NTFS?

FAT32 and NTFS are both file systems used by Windows operating systems. FAT32 is an older file system that has limitations on maximum file size and partition size, while NTFS is a more modern file system that supports larger file sizes and has improved security features.

How can I check the system requirements for Ubuntu 14.04?

You can check the system requirements for Ubuntu 14.04 by visiting the official Ubuntu website or by doing a quick internet search for "Ubuntu 14.04 system requirements." The requirements usually include minimum processor speed, minimum RAM, and minimum disk space.

Can I install Ubuntu on a USB drive?

Yes, you can install Ubuntu on a USB drive. This is known as creating a "Live USB" or a "Portable Ubuntu." It allows you to run Ubuntu from the USB drive without making any changes to your computer’s hard drive. However, keep in mind that the performance may be slower compared to installing Ubuntu on a hard drive.

How can I check if my RAM is fully recognized by the BIOS?

To check if your RAM is fully recognized by the BIOS, you can restart your computer and access the BIOS settings. The key to enter the BIOS varies depending on your computer manufacturer (common keys include F2, Del, or Esc). Once in the BIOS, navigate to the system information or memory settings to see if the correct amount of RAM is detected. If not, you may need to reseat or replace the RAM modules.

Where can I seek further assistance for Ubuntu installation issues?

If none of the solutions provided in this guide work, you can seek further assistance from the Ubuntu community. The Ubuntu community has a forum where you can ask questions and get help from experienced users. Additionally, you can also consider reaching out to a professional or a local Ubuntu user group for assistance.

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