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How To Fix GLXBadFBConfig Error When Running Wine on Ubuntu

Ubuntu 12

In the world of Linux, Wine is a popular compatibility layer that allows users to run Windows applications on several POSIX-compliant operating systems, including Ubuntu. However, sometimes you may encounter errors when trying to run certain applications. One such error is GLXBadFBConfig. In this article, we’ll explore how to fix this error when running Wine on Ubuntu.

Understanding the GLXBadFBConfig Error

The GLXBadFBConfig error typically occurs when you’re trying to open a game launcher .exe file using Wine. This error message indicates an issue with the GLX (OpenGL Extension to the X Window System) configuration.

How to Fix the GLXBadFBConfig Error

Step 1: Set the MESA_GL_VERSION_OVERRIDE Environment Variable

One potential solution is to set the MESA_GL_VERSION_OVERRIDE environment variable to 4.5. Here’s how you can do it:

Open your terminal and run the following command:


In this command, export is used to define environment variables in Linux. MESA_GL_VERSION_OVERRIDE is the name of the environment variable we are setting, and 4.5 is the value we are assigning to it.

This solution has worked for some users, as mentioned in the WineHQ Bugzilla forum. However, it’s important to note that this solution may not work for everyone, as it depends on the specific configuration and setup.

Step 2: Update Your Graphics Drivers

If the above solution doesn’t work or if the game program opens but the screen stays black, you may need to update your graphics drivers. You can usually find these drivers on the manufacturer’s website.

Step 3: Check Wine’s Compatibility List

Next, check the Wine website to see if the game you are trying to run is listed as a supported program. Wine may have specific instructions or workarounds for running certain games.

Step 4: Search for Specific Instructions for Your Game

If the game is not listed as a supported program, try searching online for any specific instructions or tips for running that game with Wine. The Wine community is quite active and there may be user-generated guides or forums discussing the game you are trying to run.

Step 5: Try Different Versions of Wine

Sometimes, certain games may work better with older or newer versions of Wine. You can use tools like PlayOnLinux or Lutris to easily manage different Wine versions and configurations.


In summary, the GLXBadFBConfig error can be a hurdle when trying to run certain games on Ubuntu using Wine. However, by setting the MESA_GL_VERSION_OVERRIDE environment variable, updating your graphics drivers, checking Wine’s compatibility list, and trying different versions of Wine, you can potentially resolve this issue. Remember, the solutions may vary depending on your specific configuration and the game you’re trying to run.

What is Wine?

Wine is a compatibility layer that allows users to run Windows applications on Linux and other POSIX-compliant operating systems. It does this by providing a set of libraries and APIs that translate Windows system calls into POSIX-compatible calls.

How do I install Wine on Ubuntu?

To install Wine on Ubuntu, you can open a terminal and run the following command: sudo apt install wine. This will install the latest stable version of Wine from the official Ubuntu repositories.

How do I run an application with Wine?

To run an application with Wine, you can open a terminal and navigate to the directory where the application’s .exe file is located. Then, you can run the command wine <application.exe>, replacing <application.exe> with the actual name of the application’s executable file.

What should I do if I encounter the GLXBadFBConfig error?

If you encounter the GLXBadFBConfig error when running Wine on Ubuntu, you can try setting the MESA_GL_VERSION_OVERRIDE environment variable to 4.5 using the command export MESA_GL_VERSION_OVERRIDE=4.5. If that doesn’t work, you may need to update your graphics drivers or check Wine’s compatibility list for the specific game or application you’re trying to run.

How can I update my graphics drivers on Ubuntu?

To update your graphics drivers on Ubuntu, you can use the Additional Drivers tool. You can open it by searching for "Additional Drivers" in the Ubuntu Dash or by opening the "Software & Updates" application and navigating to the "Additional Drivers" tab. From there, you can select and install any available updates for your graphics drivers.

Can I run any Windows application with Wine?

While Wine is capable of running many Windows applications, not all applications are fully compatible. Wine maintains a compatibility database on their website where you can check the compatibility of specific applications. It’s also worth noting that some applications may require additional configuration or tweaks to run properly with Wine.

Are there any alternatives to Wine?

Yes, there are alternative compatibility layers and virtualization tools available for running Windows applications on Linux, such as PlayOnLinux, Lutris, and CrossOver. These tools often provide additional features and optimizations for specific games or applications, so it’s worth exploring them if you encounter compatibility issues with Wine.

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