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Missing Files in /mnt/hgfs on Ubuntu VM? Here’s How to Fix It

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When working with an Ubuntu virtual machine (VM) on a host system like Windows or macOS, you may encounter an issue where shared files are missing in the /mnt/hgfs directory. This can be a frustrating problem, but don’t worry, it’s fixable. In this article, we’ll walk you through some steps to resolve this issue.

Quick Answer

If you are experiencing missing files in the /mnt/hgfs directory on your Ubuntu VM, the problem can be resolved by installing the open-vm-tools package, creating the /mnt/hgfs directory if it doesn’t exist, and mounting the shared folders using the sudo mount -t vmhgfs .host:/ /mnt/hgfs command. If these steps don’t work, there are alternative solutions mentioned in the post that you can try.

Understanding the Problem

The /mnt/hgfs directory is where VMware shares files between the host system and the Ubuntu VM. If you’re unable to see your shared files in this directory, it could be due to several reasons, such as incorrect VM settings, missing packages, or issues with the host system.

Prerequisites

Before we begin, ensure that you have:

  • A running Ubuntu VM on VMware.
  • Administrative (sudo) privileges on the Ubuntu VM.
  • Shared folders enabled on the VMware settings.

Step-by-Step Solution

Step 1: Install open-vm-tools

open-vm-tools is a set of services and modules that improve the interaction between the host and the VM. To install it, open the terminal in your Ubuntu VM and run:

sudo apt-get install open-vm-tools

sudo allows you to run commands with administrative privileges, apt-get is the package handling utility in Ubuntu, and install is the command to install a new package.

Step 2: Create /mnt/hgfs Directory

If the /mnt/hgfs directory does not exist, create it using the command:

sudo mkdir /mnt/hgfs

mkdir is the command to create a new directory.

Step 3: Mount the Shared Folders

To mount the shared folders, run:

sudo mount -t vmhgfs .host:/ /mnt/hgfs

mount is the command to mount a filesystem, -t specifies the type of the filesystem, vmhgfs is the filesystem type for VMware shared folders, and .host:/ specifies the source of the mount (the host system).

If you encounter an error like “Error: cannot mount filesystem: No such device”, follow the troubleshooting steps below.

Troubleshooting

Check Your Ubuntu Version

Ensure you are running a supported version of Ubuntu. You can check your version by running lsb_release -a in the terminal.

Verify VMware Settings

In the VMware settings, ensure that the “Always Enabled” option for folder sharing is checked.

Check Shared Folder Configuration

On your host system, verify that the shared folders are properly configured. The “Share this folder” option should be enabled.

Restart the VM

After making changes, always restart the VM and try the mount command again.

Alternative Solutions

If the issue persists, try the following solutions:

  1. Follow the procedure suggested in this guide, which involves cloning a GitHub repository and running a script.
  2. Follow the steps mentioned in this tutorial to resolve the issue.

Conclusion

Missing files in /mnt/hgfs on an Ubuntu VM can be a common issue, but with the right steps, it’s easily resolvable. Remember to check your settings, ensure you have the necessary packages installed, and don’t hesitate to seek further assistance if needed.

What is a virtual machine (VM)?

A virtual machine (VM) is a software emulation of a physical computer, running an operating system and applications. It allows you to run multiple operating systems on a single physical machine, providing flexibility and isolation.

How do I enable shared folders on VMware?

To enable shared folders on VMware, go to the virtual machine settings, select the "Options" tab, and click on "Shared Folders." Check the "Enable Shared Folders" box and select the folders you want to share from your host system.

What is the purpose of the `/mnt/hgfs` directory?

The /mnt/hgfs directory is the default location where VMware shares files between the host system and the Ubuntu VM. It allows you to easily transfer files between the two systems.

How do I check my Ubuntu version?

You can check your Ubuntu version by opening the terminal and running the command lsb_release -a. This will display detailed information about your Ubuntu release, including the version number.

What should I do if I encounter an error while mounting shared folders?

If you encounter an error like "Error: cannot mount filesystem: No such device" while mounting shared folders, make sure you have installed the open-vm-tools package and that the shared folders are properly configured in both the VMware settings and the host system. You can also try restarting the VM and running the mount command again.

Where can I find more solutions if the issue persists?

If the issue with missing files in /mnt/hgfs persists, you can try following the procedure suggested in the guide mentioned in the article or follow the steps mentioned in this tutorial for alternative solutions.

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