In the world of Linux, encountering errors is a common occurrence. One such error is the “cannot open shared object file” error. This error usually pops up when a program fails to locate a shared library file that it needs to run. In this article, we will focus on a specific instance of this error related to the
libfreetype.so.6 file in Ubuntu. We will discuss what causes this error and provide a detailed guide on how to solve it.
Understanding the Error
The error message “error while loading shared libraries: libfreetype.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory” typically indicates that a program is unable to find the
libfreetype.so.6 library. This library is a part of the FreeType project, which is a software library to render fonts. It’s used by many programs in a Linux environment.
Despite the error message, the library may actually be present in the system, but the program is looking for it in a different location. This discrepancy is what causes the error.
The solution to this problem is to create a symbolic link from the expected location to the actual location of the library. A symbolic link, or symlink, is a file that points to another file or directory. It’s like a shortcut in Windows.
Here’s the command to create the symbolic link:
sudo ln -s /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libfreetype.so.6.11.1 /usr/lib/libfreetype.so.6
Let’s break down this command:
sudo: This command runs the following command with superuser privileges, which are necessary for creating links in system directories.
ln -s: This is the command to create a symbolic link.
/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libfreetype.so.6.11.1: This is the actual location of the
/usr/lib/libfreetype.so.6: This is the location where the program is looking for the library.
After running this command, the program should be able to find the library and run successfully.
While this solution should work in most cases, it’s worth noting that the specific solution may vary depending on the application and the system configuration. In general, it is recommended to ensure that the necessary dependencies for the application are installed correctly. This includes any 32-bit dependencies on a 64-bit system.
If the error persists, you may need to update the
LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable to include the location of the library. This variable is a colon-separated list of directories where libraries should be searched for first.
In this article, we’ve covered how to solve the “cannot open shared object file” error in Ubuntu related to the
libfreetype.so.6 library. We hope this guide has been helpful in resolving this error and enhancing your understanding of shared libraries in Linux.
A shared object file, also known as a dynamic link library (DLL) in Windows, is a file that contains code and data that multiple programs can use simultaneously. It allows programs to share resources and reduce redundancy.
This error occurs when a program cannot locate a shared library file that it needs to run. It usually happens when the library is not in the expected location or when there is a discrepancy between the program’s search path and the actual location of the library.
libfreetype.so.6 library is a part of the FreeType project, which is a software library used to render fonts. It is used by many programs in a Linux environment.
To create a symbolic link in Ubuntu, you can use the
ln -s command followed by the target file or directory and the name and location of the symbolic link. For example,
ln -s /path/to/target /path/to/symlink.
sudo command is used to run a command with superuser privileges. In this case, it is necessary to create the symbolic link in a system directory, which requires administrative permissions.
If the error persists, you can try updating the
LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable to include the location of the library. This variable is a colon-separated list of directories where libraries should be searched for first. You can update it by running