Software & AppsOperating SystemLinux

How To Fix “Couldn’t start Xtightvnc trying default font path” Error in VNCServer

Ubuntu 16

When using VNCServer, you might encounter an error message that reads “Couldn’t start Xtightvnc; trying default font path. Please set correct fontPath in the vncserver script. Couldn’t start Xtightvnc process.” This error typically occurs when the required font directories are missing. This article will guide you through several methods to resolve this issue.

Understanding the Error

Before we dive into the solutions, it’s important to understand what the error message means. The VNC server, Xtightvnc in this case, requires certain font directories to function correctly. If these directories are missing, the server will try to use the default font path. If it can’t find the necessary fonts in the default path, it will fail to start, resulting in the error message.

Solution 1: Install the Required Font Packages

One of the easiest ways to resolve this issue is by installing the necessary font packages. Here’s how you can do it:

  1. Open a terminal window.
  2. Enter the following command to install the base X fonts:
    sudo apt-get install xfonts-base
    This command uses the apt-get package handling utility to install the xfonts-base package, which contains the basic fonts required by the X server.
  3. Next, install the 100dpi and 75dpi X fonts with the following commands:
    sudo apt-get install xfonts-100dpi
    sudo apt-get install xfonts-75dpi
    These commands install the xfonts-100dpi and xfonts-75dpi packages, which contain additional fonts that may be required by the VNC server.
  4. After installing these font packages, try starting the VNC server again.

Solution 2: Manually Add the Font Directories

If the error persists after installing the font packages, you can manually create the missing font directories. Follow these steps:

  1. Check if the following font directories exist:
    • /usr/share/fonts/X11/misc/
    • /usr/share/fonts/X11/Type1/
    • /usr/share/fonts/X11/75dpi/
    • /usr/share/fonts/X11/100dpi/
  2. If any of these directories are missing, create them using the mkdir -p command. For example, to create the misc directory, use the following command:
    sudo mkdir -p /usr/share/fonts/X11/misc/
    The mkdir -p command creates the specified directory. If the parent directories don’t exist, it creates them as well.
  3. Repeat this process for each missing directory.
  4. Once all the directories are created, try starting the VNC server again.

Solution 3: Check fontPath in the vncserver Script

The fontPath variable in the vncserver script should be set to the correct font directories. If it’s not, you’ll need to modify it. Here’s how:

  1. Open the vncserver script with a text editor. You can use the nano command for this:
    nano /usr/bin/vncserver
    This command opens the vncserver script in the nano text editor.
  2. Look for the line that sets the fontPath variable. It should be set to the correct font directories.
  3. If the fontPath is incorrect, modify it to match the font directories on your system.
  4. Save the changes and try starting the VNC server again.

Solution 4: Check Hostname and /etc/hosts

In some cases, the error may be due to a mismatch between the hostname in the /etc/hostname file and the /etc/hosts file. To resolve this issue:

  1. Open the /etc/hostname file:
    sudo nano /etc/hostname
  2. Check the hostname and remember it.
  3. Open the /etc/hosts file:
    sudo nano /etc/hosts
  4. Ensure that the hostname in the /etc/hosts file matches the hostname in the /etc/hostname file.
  5. If they don’t match, update the hostname in both files to match.
  6. Save the changes and try starting the VNC server again.

Solution 5: Check the Logs

If none of the above solutions work, you can check the VNC server log file for any error messages or hints about the issue. Use the following command to view the log file:

cat ~/.vnc/hostname:display.log | less

This command displays the content of the log file. Look for any errors related to fonts or other configuration issues and address them accordingly.

In conclusion, the “Couldn’t start Xtightvnc; trying default font path” error in VNCServer typically arises from missing font directories. The solutions include installing the necessary font packages, manually adding the font directories, checking the fontPath in the vncserver script, ensuring the hostname matches in /etc/hostname and /etc/hosts, and checking the logs for additional clues. If none of these solutions work, it may be necessary to seek further assistance or explore alternative VNC server options.

What is VNCServer?

VNCServer (Virtual Network Computing Server) is a software that allows remote access to graphical desktops. It enables users to control and interact with a remote computer as if they were sitting in front of it.

How do I install VNCServer?

To install VNCServer, you can use the package manager of your operating system. For example, on Ubuntu, you can use the following command: sudo apt-get install tightvncserver. Make sure to consult the documentation or support resources specific to your operating system for detailed installation instructions.

How do I start VNCServer?

Once VNCServer is installed, you can start it by running the vncserver command followed by the display number. For example, vncserver :1 will start VNCServer on display 1. You will be prompted to set a password for VNC access during the first run.

Can I use VNCServer on different operating systems?

Yes, VNCServer is a cross-platform software that can be used on various operating systems, including Windows, macOS, and Linux. However, the installation and configuration process may vary slightly depending on the operating system.

How can I connect to a VNCServer from a remote computer?

To connect to a VNCServer from a remote computer, you need a VNC client software installed on the remote computer. Open the VNC client and enter the IP address or hostname of the computer running the VNCServer, along with the display number. You will be prompted to enter the password set for VNC access.

Can I use VNCServer over the internet?

Yes, you can use VNCServer over the internet. However, it is important to ensure that you have proper security measures in place, such as using a secure VNC protocol, setting strong passwords, and configuring firewalls to restrict access. It is recommended to consult the VNCServer documentation or seek professional advice for secure remote access over the internet.

How can I troubleshoot VNCServer connection issues?

If you are experiencing connection issues with VNCServer, some troubleshooting steps you can try include verifying the VNCServer is running, checking firewall settings, ensuring the correct port is open, and confirming the network connectivity between the client and server. Additionally, reviewing the VNCServer log files can provide insights into any errors or issues that may be occurring.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *