In the world of Ubuntu and Linux, compressing files is a common task. One of the most used methods to compress files is using
gzip. In this article, we will guide you on how to gzip multiple files into one file in Ubuntu.
To gzip multiple files into one file in Ubuntu, you can use the combination of the
gzip commands. First, create a tar archive of the files using the
tar -cvf command. Then, gzip the tar archive using the
gzip command. This will compress all the files into one gzip file.
Before we delve into the steps, let’s first understand what
gzip stands for GNU zip, a file format and a software application used for file compression and decompression. It’s most commonly used in Unix and Linux systems.
Combining Files with tar
gzip itself can only compress a single file. To compress multiple files into one, we first need to combine these files using the
tar, which stands for Tape Archive, is a commonly used command to create archives in Unix-based systems.
Step-by-Step Guide to gzip Multiple Files into One
Step 1: Creating a tar Archive
The first step is to create a tar archive of the files you want to gzip. Here is the command to do so:
tar -cvf archive.tar file1 file2 file3
In this command:
cstands for create. It creates a new archive.
vstands for verbose. It lists the files processed.
fstands for file. It allows you to specify the name of the archive. Here, we’re naming our archive
file1 file2 file3are the files you want to include in the archive. Replace these with your actual file names.
Step 2: Gzipping the tar Archive
After creating the tar archive, the next step is to gzip the archive. Here is the command to do so:
This command will compress the
archive.tar file using gzip and create a compressed file called
Step 3: Verifying the gzip File
To ensure that your files have been successfully gzipped, you can use the
ls command to list the files in the directory:
You should see
archive.tar.gz in the list of files, which is your gzipped file containing all the original files.
In this article, we’ve learned how to gzip multiple files into one file in Ubuntu. This is a handy skill to have when dealing with large amounts of data or when you need to send multiple files over the network. Remember, the key is to first create a tar archive of the files, and then gzip that archive. Happy gzipping!
gzip is a file compression utility that compresses a single file, while
tar is a command used to create archives by combining multiple files into one.
gzip is usually pre-installed in Ubuntu. However, if it’s not installed, you can install it by running the command
sudo apt-get install gzip.
gzip can only compress individual files. If you want to compress directories, you can use the
tar command with the
gzip option, like
tar -cvzf archive.tar.gz directory/.
To extract a gzipped file, you can use the
gunzip command followed by the filename, like
gunzip archive.tar.gz. This will decompress the file and create a tar archive.
You can use the
ls command with the
-lh option to display the file size in human-readable format, like
ls -lh file.gz. The output will show the size of the gzipped file.
Yes, you can specify the path of the files you want to compress when creating the tar archive. For example,
tar -cvf archive.tar /path/to/files/ will create a tar archive of files located in the specified directory.
You can extract specific files from a gzipped tar archive by using the
tar command with the
-x option followed by the file names or patterns you want to extract, like
tar -xvf archive.tar.gz file1 file2.