Software & AppsOperating SystemLinux

How To Hibernate from GNOME Shell

Ubuntu 1

In this article, we will explore various methods to hibernate from within a GNOME Shell session. The GNOME Shell is the graphical shell of the GNOME desktop environment, and it provides basic functions like launching applications, switching between windows, and managing your system. Hibernation is a power-saving state that allows you to save your work and turn off your computer, then return to your work later without having to reopen your applications and files.

Quick Answer

To hibernate from GNOME Shell, you can use the Alternative Status Menu extension, press the Alt key in the user menu, use terminal commands like "sudo pm-hibernate", create a script with Zenity, or install the Hibernate Status Button extension.

Method 1: Using the Alternative Status Menu Extension

One of the easiest ways to add a hibernate option to your GNOME Shell is by installing the “Alternative Status Menu” extension. This extension adds several extra options to the user menu, including Hibernate and Power Off.

You can install the extension from the GNOME Shell Extensions website. Simply slide the slider to install the extension. Once installed, the Hibernate option should appear in your user menu.

Method 2: Using the Alt Key

Another simple method to hibernate your system is by pressing the Alt key while in the user menu. This action will change the Power Off option to a Hibernate option. This method is quick and doesn’t require any additional installations.

Method 3: Using Terminal Commands

For those who prefer using the terminal, you can hibernate your machine using the pm-hibernate command. Open a terminal and type:

sudo pm-hibernate

This command initiates the hibernation process. The sudo command is used to run the following command as a superuser, which is necessary because hibernation is a system-level operation. The pm-hibernate command tells the system to enter hibernation.

Method 4: Creating a Script with Zenity

You can also create a script with options using Zenity and place it in the ~/bin directory. Zenity is a tool that allows you to display GTK dialog boxes in command-line and shell scripts.

Here is an example of such a script:

#!/bin/bash
zenity --question --text "Do you want to hibernate?" && sudo pm-hibernate

This script first displays a dialog box asking if you want to hibernate. If you click “Yes”, the script then runs the sudo pm-hibernate command to hibernate the system.

You can bind this script to a keyboard shortcut, allowing you to hibernate your system by pressing a specific key combination.

Method 5: Using the Hibernate Status Button Extension

Lastly, you can install the “Hibernate Status Button” GNOME Shell extension. This extension adds a separate button for hibernation, which can be useful for touch screens and convertibles. However, it may not work from the lock screen.

You can install this extension from the GNOME Shell Extensions website.

Conclusion

There are many ways to hibernate your system from within a GNOME Shell session. Whether you prefer using extensions, keyboard shortcuts, or terminal commands, there’s a method that will suit your needs. Remember that hibernation is a system-level operation that requires superuser privileges, so you’ll need to enter your password if you’re not logged in as the root user.

How do I install GNOME Shell extensions?

To install GNOME Shell extensions, you can visit the GNOME Shell Extensions website and search for the desired extension. Once you find the extension, click on the toggle button to install it. You may need to install the GNOME Shell integration browser extension for the installation to work properly.

Can I hibernate my computer without using any extensions or additional tools?

Yes, you can hibernate your computer without using any extensions or additional tools. You can use the Alt key method mentioned in Method 2 of this article. Simply press the Alt key while in the user menu, and the Power Off option will change to a Hibernate option.

Do I need to be logged in as the root user to hibernate my system?

No, you do not need to be logged in as the root user to hibernate your system. However, hibernation is a system-level operation that requires superuser privileges. So, when using terminal commands like pm-hibernate, you will need to use the sudo command and enter your password to run the command as a superuser.

Can I create a custom keyboard shortcut to hibernate my system?

Yes, you can create a custom keyboard shortcut to hibernate your system. You can use the script with Zenity mentioned in Method 4 of this article and bind it to a specific key combination using the keyboard settings in your GNOME Shell.

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