When building or repairing a PC of your own, you will eventually hit the step of needing to connect the power button for the case to your motherboard. This can be a little daunting because there could be multiple connections that look correct, but only one right one.
If you want to connect your power bottom to your motherboard, you have to follow these steps:
1. You should find the front header panel of your motherboard.
2. Locate the correct terminal for the power button.
3. Troubleshooting the power button terminal in the motherboard.
How you can go about finding the front header panel and identifying the correct power button terminal has been explained in this article.
How To Connect Power Button to Motherboard?
Beginners in laptop and computer repairs, or tech Do It Yourself (DIY) enthusiasts, will usually come across a common problem which is generally power button repair. The main issue faced when repairing the PC power issues involves locating the power button circuit terminal in the motherboard.
Once you locate the power button terminal, you can troubleshoot the circuit connection and diagnose the problem. After this, you repair the existing power button, or you connect a new one to the motherboard.
Here are the steps to connect a power button to a motherboard.
Step #1: Locate the Front Header Panel
The first step is to locate the correct terminals on the motherboard intended for a power switch. The terminals are usually a pair of pins located on a black called “Front Panel Header.” The Front Panel Header contains the pins for the power switch, the reset button, the audio jack, and the status LED lights.
If finding the header by sight is not easy, you can also reference the manual that came with the motherboard, which will have a diagram in it showing you the location of the front panel header. The Front Panel Header is usually labeled F_Panel.
The Front Header Panel is an 8-pin terminal, meaning there are 4 pairs of 2 pins. The 20- or 24-pin terminal you see is for the power supply, not the power button.
Step #2: Locate the Correct Terminal
Once you have located the Front Panel Header, you need to determine which pins are for the power button. Given that the header contains pairs of pins for many purposes, you will have to inspect further to find the right pair.
Thankfully, the worst that happens when you plug the cable into the wrong terminal is that it doesn’t work correctly, as opposed to frying something.
There will be a diagram on the motherboard labeling each header’s purpose. The power button terminal should be labeled as SW_PW or POWER SW, to delineate the Power Switch. The reset switch button probably looks very similar, but it will be labeled RESET SW or some permutation.
Now that you’ve located the correct terminal, you need to connect the jumper to the pins. The jumper cable comes with the PC case rather than the motherboard. While many motherboards can fit in a case, each case has different dimensions and locations to mount the motherboard.
When Polarity Matters
As a side note, while the motherboard does have polarity (+/-) labeled, the positive and negative sides do not matter for a switch. The jumper can be connected either way so long as it fits completely to complete the circuit.
Polarity does matter for LED lights, so when you connect those jumper cables, you will have to pay attention; otherwise, they won’t work correctly.
Step #3: Troubleshooting
If the jumper cable is damaged and you cannot replace it for whatever reason, you can get standalone power switch cables separately. You connect one end to the Front Header Panel, and the other end gets wired out of your case with a push-button for you to turn on your computer.
These cables can also come in handy when you are testing the motherboard outside of the case and have not reached a point where you are connecting the case power button to the Front Header Panel yet.
If you are trying to jump-start your motherboard and lack standalone power switch cables, you can start your motherboard using a small flathead screwdriver. You do this by touching the screwdriver to the power pins in the Front Header Panel. You must make sure you do not touch any of the other pins, so use the smallest screwdriver possible.
If, once you have put everything together, the power button does not work, check to ensure you have installed the jumper switch to the correct terminal and installed before checking other options.
If you can jumpstart your computer using a screwdriver, but the cable isn’t working, it is a problem with your cable. If you cannot jumpstart with a screwdriver, you may need to purchase a new motherboard with the power button terminal intact.
Now you know how to connect the power button of your computer case to your computer’s motherboard and some of the everyday things to look out for. You may have also learned more tricks about starting your laptop without connecting the power button.