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How To Successfully Insert VBoxGuestAdditions in Ubuntu Server Virtual Machine on Windows 10

Ubuntu 10

In this guide, we will walk you through the process of successfully inserting VBoxGuestAdditions in an Ubuntu Server Virtual Machine on Windows 10. This can be a tricky process, but with the right steps, it can be done efficiently and effectively.

Quick Answer

To successfully insert VBoxGuestAdditions in an Ubuntu Server Virtual Machine on Windows 10, you need to update Ubuntu Server, install required packages, insert the VBoxGuestAdditions CD image, mount and run VBoxGuestAdditions, and reboot the virtual machine.

What is VBoxGuestAdditions?

VBoxGuestAdditions is a set of drivers and system applications that are designed to make the interaction between the host and guest operating systems more seamless. These additions include improved video support, seamless windows, generic host/guest communication channels, and automated guest logons.

Pre-requisites

Before we begin, ensure that you have the latest version of VirtualBox installed on your Windows 10 machine. Also, make sure that your Ubuntu Server is up and running in the VirtualBox.

Step 1: Update Ubuntu Server

First, make sure your Ubuntu Server is up-to-date. You can do this by running the following command in the terminal:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

This command will update the list of available packages and their versions (sudo apt-get update) and then install the latest versions of the packages you have (sudo apt-get upgrade).

Step 2: Install Required Packages

Next, you need to install the necessary packages for building kernel modules. Run the following command in the terminal:

sudo apt-get install gcc make perl

Here, gcc is the GNU Compiler Collection, make is a build automation tool, and perl is a general-purpose programming language. These are required to compile and build the VBoxGuestAdditions.

Step 3: Insert VBoxGuestAdditions CD Image

Now, you need to insert the VBoxGuestAdditions CD image. In the VirtualBox window, navigate to Devices > Insert Guest Additions CD Image.

Step 4: Mount and Run VBoxGuestAdditions

The CD image will automatically be mounted in Ubuntu Server. Navigate to the CD directory by running:

cd /media/$(whoami)/VBox_GAs_*/

This command changes the current directory to the CD directory. $(whoami) is a command substitution that returns the current user, and VBox_GAs_* is a wildcard that matches the VBoxGuestAdditions directory.

Next, run the VBoxLinuxAdditions.run file with the following command:

sudo ./VBoxLinuxAdditions.run

This command runs the VBoxLinuxAdditions.run script as a superuser. The script will install the VBoxGuestAdditions.

Step 5: Reboot the Virtual Machine

Finally, reboot the virtual machine for the changes to take effect. You can do this by running:

sudo reboot

After the reboot, VBoxGuestAdditions should be successfully installed on your Ubuntu Server Virtual Machine.

Conclusion

In this guide, we have walked you through the process of inserting VBoxGuestAdditions in an Ubuntu Server Virtual Machine on Windows 10. If you follow these steps, you should have a more seamless interaction between your host and guest operating systems. For more information on VBoxGuestAdditions, you can refer to the VirtualBox Manual.

Remember, these steps require a certain level of familiarity with the terminal. If you encounter any issues, feel free to consult the Ubuntu Community Help Wiki or the VirtualBox Forums.

What is the purpose of VBoxGuestAdditions?

VBoxGuestAdditions is a set of drivers and system applications that improve the interaction between the host and guest operating systems in VirtualBox. It provides features like improved video support, seamless windows, and automated guest logons.

How do I update Ubuntu Server?

To update Ubuntu Server, you can run the command sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade in the terminal. This command updates the list of available packages and installs the latest versions of the packages you have.

What packages do I need to install for building kernel modules?

You need to install the packages gcc, make, and perl for building kernel modules. Run the command sudo apt-get install gcc make perl in the terminal to install these packages.

How do I insert the VBoxGuestAdditions CD image in VirtualBox?

In the VirtualBox window, navigate to Devices > Insert Guest Additions CD Image. This will insert the VBoxGuestAdditions CD image into the virtual machine.

How do I run VBoxGuestAdditions in Ubuntu Server?

After inserting the VBoxGuestAdditions CD image, navigate to the CD directory by running cd /media/$(whoami)/VBox_GAs_*/ in the terminal. Then, run the command sudo ./VBoxLinuxAdditions.run to execute the VBoxLinuxAdditions.run script and install VBoxGuestAdditions.

How do I reboot the virtual machine?

To reboot the virtual machine, you can run the command sudo reboot in the terminal. This will restart the virtual machine and apply any changes made, including the installation of VBoxGuestAdditions.

Where can I find more information on VBoxGuestAdditions?

For more information on VBoxGuestAdditions, you can refer to the VirtualBox Manual. It provides detailed documentation on the features and usage of VBoxGuestAdditions.

What should I do if I encounter any issues during the process?

If you encounter any issues, you can consult the Ubuntu Community Help Wiki or the VirtualBox Forums for assistance. These resources have a wealth of information and a community of users who can help resolve any problems you may encounter.

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