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How To Install GVim on Ubuntu: Troubleshooting Broken Packages Error

Ubuntu 17

In this article, we’ll walk you through the process of installing GVim on Ubuntu and how to troubleshoot the common error of broken packages, specifically related to the libruby1.8 package.

Introduction to GVim

GVim, or Graphical Vim, is a highly configurable text editor built to facilitate efficient text editing. It’s an improved version of the vi editor, with additional features designed to be helpful for programmers, such as syntax highlighting, code folding, and a comprehensive help system.

Installing GVim on Ubuntu

To install GVim, follow the steps below:

  1. Update your package lists: This ensures that your system has the latest information about what packages and versions are available for installation. Run the following command in your terminal:
sudo apt-get update

In this command, sudo is used to run the command with root privileges, apt-get is the package handling utility in Ubuntu, and update is the operation that updates the package list.

  1. Install the vim-gnome package: This package provides GVim. Run the following command in your terminal:
sudo apt-get install vim-gnome

Here, install is the operation that installs a new package, and vim-gnome is the name of the package to install.

Troubleshooting Broken Packages Error

If during the installation you encounter an error message like vim-gnome : Depends: libruby1.8 (>= 1.8.7.352) but 1.8.6.111-2ubuntu1 is to be installed, it means that the required version of libruby1.8 is not available in your current repositories.

Solution 1: Update Your Sources List

One way to solve this issue is by updating your sources list. Here’s how:

  1. Open the /etc/apt/sources.list file: This file contains the list of repositories from which packages can be installed. You can use a text editor like nano to open this file:
sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list
  1. Replace the contents of the file: Replace the contents of the file with the following lines:
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ focal main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ focal-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ focal-security main restricted universe multiverse

These lines tell your system to use the main, restricted, universe, and multiverse repositories of the Focal Fossa (20.04) version of Ubuntu.

  1. Save the file and exit the text editor: In nano, you can do this by pressing Ctrl+X, then Y, then Enter.
  2. Update your package lists again: Run the sudo apt-get update command again.
  3. Retry the installation of vim-gnome: Run the sudo apt-get install vim-gnome command again.

Solution 2: Check Your Software Sources

If the first solution doesn’t work, you can try checking your software sources:

  1. Open the Software & Updates settings: Run the following command:
gnome-control-center software
  1. Check the “Download from” setting: Make sure this setting is set to “Main server”.
  2. Update your package lists again: Run the sudo apt-get update command again.
  3. Retry the installation of vim-gnome: Run the sudo apt-get install vim-gnome command again.

In case none of the above solutions work, it might be that your current Ubuntu version is not compatible with the required version of libruby1.8. In this scenario, you might need to consider upgrading your Ubuntu version or installing GVim from a different source.

Remember, it’s always a good practice to back up your important files before performing any major system changes.

Conclusion

In this article, we’ve covered how to install GVim on Ubuntu and troubleshoot a common error related to broken packages. We hope this guide has been helpful. If you have any further questions, feel free to ask in the comment section below.

Can I use GVim on other Linux distributions?

Yes, GVim is available for various Linux distributions, including Ubuntu, Fedora, and Debian. The installation process may vary slightly, but the overall steps should be similar.

Can I customize GVim’s appearance and functionality?

Yes, GVim is highly customizable. You can modify its appearance by changing the colorscheme, font, and window layout. You can also add or modify plugins to enhance its functionality.

How can I uninstall GVim from my Ubuntu system?

To uninstall GVim, you can use the following command in your terminal:

sudo apt-get remove vim-gnome

This command will remove the GVim package from your system.

Can I use GVim for programming in languages other than Ruby?

Absolutely! GVim supports syntax highlighting and other features for a wide range of programming languages, including but not limited to C/C++, Java, Python, JavaScript, and HTML. You can also install additional plugins to enhance the editing experience for specific languages.

Can I use GVim as a regular text editor without any programming features?

Yes, GVim can be used as a regular text editor for any type of text editing needs. You can disable or customize the programming-specific features to suit your preferences.

Can I use GVim on a Windows or macOS system?

Yes, GVim is available for Windows and macOS as well. You can download the respective installer packages from the official GVim website and follow the installation instructions provided.

Is GVim compatible with Vim plugins?

Yes, GVim is fully compatible with Vim plugins. You can install and use Vim plugins in GVim to extend its functionality. There are numerous plugins available that can enhance various aspects of text editing and programming.

Can I use GVim in the terminal without the graphical interface?

Yes, Vim, the command-line version of GVim, can be used in the terminal without the graphical interface. It provides the same powerful editing capabilities and can be accessed by running the vim command in the terminal.

How can I learn more about using GVim efficiently?

To learn more about using GVim efficiently, you can refer to the official documentation available at the GVim website. Additionally, there are many online tutorials and resources that provide tips, tricks, and shortcuts for maximizing productivity with GVim.

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