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How To Install Intel HD Graphics Driver on Ubuntu 20.04

Ubuntu 13

In this guide, we will walk you through the process of installing the Intel HD Graphics driver on Ubuntu 20.04. This process is essential for those who are using Intel integrated graphics on their systems.

Quick Answer

To install the Intel HD Graphics driver on Ubuntu 20.04, you need to update the package lists, download and install the Intel Graphics Installer for Linux, launch the installer, and follow the on-screen instructions. Additionally, if your system has an NVIDIA GPU, you can switch between the Intel HD Graphics and the NVIDIA GPU using the prime-select command.

Prerequisites

Before we begin, ensure that you have administrative access to your Ubuntu system. This is necessary because the installation process involves running commands with root privileges.

Step 1: Open the Terminal

To start, you need to open the Terminal. You can do this by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T on your keyboard. The Terminal is where you will enter all the commands needed for the installation.

Step 2: Update the Package Lists

The first command we will run is sudo apt update. This command updates the list of available packages and their versions, but it does not install or upgrade any packages.

sudo apt update

The sudo command is used to run the following command with root privileges. apt is the package handling utility in Ubuntu, and update is the command that tells apt to refresh its package lists.

Step 3: Install the Intel Graphics Installer for Linux

Next, we will download and install the Intel Graphics Installer for Linux. We will use the wget command to download the installer, and the dpkg -i command to install it.

wget https://download.01.org/gfx/ubuntu/20.04/main/pool/main/i/intel-graphics-update-tool/intel-graphics-update-tool_3.0.6_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i intel-graphics-update-tool_3.0.6_amd64.deb

The wget command is a free utility for non-interactive download of files from the web. It supports HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP protocols, and can retrieve files through HTTP proxies.

The dpkg -i command is used to install a .deb package. The -i option tells dpkg to install the package.

Step 4: Launch the Intel Graphics Installer

Once the installation is complete, you can launch the Intel Graphics Installer by typing the following command:

intel-graphics-update-tool

This command will open the Intel Graphics Installer, which will guide you through the process of updating the Intel Graphics driver.

Step 5: Follow the On-Screen Instructions

At this point, simply follow the on-screen instructions to update the Intel Graphics driver. The installer will automatically detect your system’s hardware and install the appropriate driver.

Switching Between Intel and NVIDIA GPU

If your system also has an NVIDIA GPU, you can switch between the Intel HD Graphics and the NVIDIA GPU using the prime-select command. To switch to the Intel GPU, run:

sudo prime-select intel

To check which GPU is currently active, use the command:

prime-select query

Conclusion

That’s it! You have successfully installed the Intel HD Graphics driver on Ubuntu 20.04. Remember, it’s important to keep your drivers up to date to ensure optimal performance and compatibility. If you encounter any issues or the Intel GPU is not detected, refer to the Intel Graphics for Linux website for more detailed troubleshooting steps.

Can I install the Intel HD Graphics driver on Ubuntu 20.04 without administrative access?

No, you need administrative access to your Ubuntu system in order to install the Intel HD Graphics driver. Administrative access is required to run commands with root privileges.

How do I open the Terminal in Ubuntu 20.04?

To open the Terminal in Ubuntu 20.04, press Ctrl + Alt + T on your keyboard. This keyboard shortcut will launch the Terminal.

How do I update the package lists in Ubuntu?

You can update the package lists in Ubuntu by running the command sudo apt update in the Terminal. This command refreshes the list of available packages and their versions.

Can I install the Intel Graphics Installer for Linux on other Ubuntu versions?

The Intel Graphics Installer for Linux is designed for specific Ubuntu versions. It is recommended to check the Intel Graphics for Linux website for the compatible versions before installing.

How do I switch between the Intel HD Graphics and NVIDIA GPU?

You can switch between the Intel HD Graphics and NVIDIA GPU using the prime-select command. To switch to the Intel GPU, run sudo prime-select intel in the Terminal. You can check which GPU is currently active by using the command prime-select query.

What should I do if the Intel GPU is not detected after installation?

If the Intel GPU is not detected after installation, refer to the Intel Graphics for Linux website for more detailed troubleshooting steps. They provide comprehensive guides and resources to help resolve any issues you may encounter.

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