In today’s digital era, Golang, also known as Go, has become a popular programming language due to its simplicity and efficiency. This article will guide you through the process of installing the latest version of Golang on your Ubuntu system.
What is Golang?
Golang is an open-source programming language developed by Google. It’s known for its simplicity, efficiency, and strong support for concurrent programming. Golang is widely used for developing web applications, data pipelines, and even machine learning applications.
Before we start, ensure you have a running Ubuntu system and you have sudo privileges or root access.
Method 1: Installing Golang using APT
Ubuntu’s APT package manager provides an easy way to install software packages. However, the version of Golang available might not be the latest. Here’s how you can install Golang using APT:
- Open your terminal and update your package list by running:
This command fetches the package list from the repositories and “updates” them to get information on the newest versions of packages and their dependencies.
sudo apt update
- Install Golang by running:
This command installs the Golang package.
sudo apt install golang
Method 2: Installing Golang using Golang Backports PPA
If you need the latest version of Golang, you can use the Golang Backports PPA (Personal Package Archive). Here’s how:
- Open your terminal and add the Golang Backports PPA to your system by running:
This command adds the Golang Backports PPA to your system’s list of repositories.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:longsleep/golang-backports
- Update your package list:
sudo apt update
- Install the latest version of Golang:
Replace “1.17” with the version number you wish to install.
sudo apt install golang-1.17
Method 3: Installing Golang using Snap
Snap is a software deployment and package management system developed by Canonical. It allows you to install software and manage packages with isolation from the system. Here’s how you can install Golang using Snap:
- Open your terminal and install Golang by running:
sudo snap install go --classic
--classicoption is used because the Go snap requires full access to the system, like a traditionally packaged application.
Verifying the Installation
After installing Golang, you can verify the installation and check the installed version by running:
This command will output the installed version of Golang.
In this article, we covered three different methods to install Golang on your Ubuntu system: using APT, using Golang Backports PPA, and using Snap. Choose the method that best fits your needs.
Remember to always check the official Golang documentation for the most accurate and up-to-date information. Happy coding!
Yes, you can have multiple versions of Golang installed on your Ubuntu system. Each version will be installed in a separate directory, and you can switch between them using environment variables.
To set the GOPATH environment variable, open your terminal and run the following command:
Replace "/path/to/your/gopath" with the actual path to your desired GOPATH directory.
To update Golang to the latest version, you can use the package manager or method you used for installation. For example, if you installed Golang using APT, you can run the following command to update it:
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade golang
If you installed Golang using Snap, you can run:
sudo snap refresh go
To uninstall Golang from your Ubuntu system, you can run the following command:
sudo apt remove golang
This command will remove the Golang package from your system.
Yes, Golang is widely used for web development. It has a built-in HTTP package that makes it easy to create web servers and handle HTTP requests. Additionally, there are many frameworks and libraries available for web development in Golang, such as Gin and Echo.
Yes, Golang is known for its strong support for concurrent programming. It has built-in features like goroutines and channels that make it easy to write concurrent code. These features allow for efficient utilization of system resources and enable the development of highly concurrent applications.
While Golang is not as commonly used for machine learning as languages like Python or R, it is still possible to use Golang for machine learning applications. There are libraries available, such as Gonum and Gorgonia, that provide functionality for numerical computations and machine learning algorithms. However, it’s worth noting that the ecosystem for machine learning in Golang is not as extensive as in other languages.