Software & AppsOperating SystemLinux

How To Install Libre Office on a Server Without GUI

Ubuntu 10

In this detailed guide, we will explore how to install LibreOffice on a server without a Graphical User Interface (GUI). LibreOffice is a powerful open-source office suite that includes several applications for document creation and editing. However, when working on a server environment, you might not have a GUI available. Fortunately, LibreOffice can be installed and used without a GUI.

Quick Answer

To install LibreOffice on a server without a GUI, you can use the libreoffice-core-nogui package on Ubuntu 20.04 or later. Alternatively, you can install the libreoffice package with minimal dependencies using the --no-install-recommends flag. Another option is to use the unoconv command-line tool for document conversion.

Prerequisites

Before we start, ensure that you have:

  • A server running Ubuntu 20.04 or later.
  • Root or sudo access to the server.

Installing LibreOffice Without GUI

The package libreoffice-core-nogui is available for Ubuntu 20.04 and possibly earlier versions. This package provides a core installation of LibreOffice without the need for GNOME, KDE, or Xorg.

To install libreoffice-core-nogui, use the following command:

sudo apt-get install libreoffice-core-nogui

This command uses sudo to run the command as a superuser, apt-get is the package handling utility in Ubuntu, install is the command to install a package, and libreoffice-core-nogui is the package name.

This package will replace some modules such as libreoffice-base, libreoffice-calc, libreoffice-math, libreoffice-pdfimport, and libreoffice-writer. However, it should still provide the necessary functionality for converting documents to PDF format.

Installing LibreOffice With Minimal Dependencies

If you are using an older version of Ubuntu that does not have the libreoffice-core-nogui package, you can try installing the libreoffice package with minimal dependencies using the --no-install-recommends flag:

sudo apt-get install libreoffice --no-install-recommends

The --no-install-recommends flag tells apt-get to install only the necessary packages for LibreOffice to run, without any additional recommended packages. This can help to keep the installation size down.

However, please note that some users have reported issues with certain file conversions (e.g., xlsx) when only the core package is installed. In such cases, you may need to install additional packages like libreoffice-calc to ensure proper conversion.

Using Unoconv for Document Conversion

There is a command-line tool called unoconv that can be used for document conversion. You can install it separately using the following command:

sudo apt-get install unoconv

Unoconv stands for Universal Office Converter, and it leverages LibreOffice’s ability to convert documents to different formats. It can be useful for converting documents without the need for a GUI-based LibreOffice installation.

Conclusion

Depending on your specific requirements and the version of Ubuntu you are using, you can choose between the libreoffice-core-nogui package, the minimal libreoffice installation with --no-install-recommends, or the unoconv command-line tool to achieve a headless LibreOffice setup on your server.

Remember to always test your setup to ensure that it meets your needs and performs the required tasks correctly. By following this guide, you should now have a working installation of LibreOffice on your server without a GUI.

Can I install LibreOffice on a server without a GUI?

Yes, you can install LibreOffice on a server without a GUI. You can either use the libreoffice-core-nogui package or the minimal libreoffice installation with the --no-install-recommends flag.

What is the difference between `libreoffice-core-nogui` and `libreoffice` with minimal dependencies?

libreoffice-core-nogui is a package specifically designed for a server environment without a GUI. It provides a core installation of LibreOffice without the need for additional modules. On the other hand, libreoffice with minimal dependencies installs only the necessary packages for LibreOffice to run without any additional recommended packages.

Are there any limitations to using LibreOffice without a GUI?

When using LibreOffice without a GUI, some users have reported issues with certain file conversions, such as xlsx. In such cases, you may need to install additional packages like libreoffice-calc to ensure proper conversion.

What is Unoconv and how can it be used for document conversion?

Unoconv is a command-line tool that leverages LibreOffice’s ability to convert documents to different formats. It can be installed separately and used for document conversion without the need for a GUI-based LibreOffice installation.

How can I install Unoconv?

To install Unoconv, you can use the command sudo apt-get install unoconv. This will install the Unoconv package on your server.

Which version of Ubuntu is required to install `libreoffice-core-nogui`?

libreoffice-core-nogui is available for Ubuntu 20.04 and possibly earlier versions. However, it may not be available for older versions of Ubuntu.

Can I use LibreOffice on a server without Ubuntu?

Yes, you can use LibreOffice on a server without Ubuntu. While the installation commands may be different depending on the operating system, the concept of installing LibreOffice without a GUI remains the same.

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