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How To Install Nvidia Drivers on Ubuntu 18.04 Server for RTX Card Computation

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In this article, we will be discussing how to install Nvidia drivers on an Ubuntu 18.04 server for RTX card computation. This is a crucial step for anyone who is looking to leverage the power of Nvidia’s RTX cards for computational purposes on a server running Ubuntu 18.04.

Quick Answer

To install Nvidia drivers on an Ubuntu 18.04 server for RTX card computation, you need to add the graphics-drivers PPA repository, update the package list, install the ubuntu-drivers-common package, automatically install the recommended Nvidia driver, manually install any unmet dependencies, and then reboot the system. After the reboot, you can verify the installation by running the "nvidia-smi" command.

Prerequisites

Before we start, please ensure that you have a compatible Nvidia RTX GPU and Ubuntu Server 18.04 installed on your system. If you haven’t installed Ubuntu Server 18.04 yet, you can download it from the official Ubuntu website.

Step 1: Adding the Graphics-Drivers PPA Repository

The first step in the process is to add the graphics-drivers PPA repository. This repository contains the latest Nvidia drivers that Ubuntu will use to communicate with the GPU.

To add the repository, open the terminal and run the following command:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:graphics-drivers/ppa

The sudo command gives the following command administrative privileges, while add-apt-repository is used to add Personal Package Archives (PPAs) to your system.

Step 2: Updating the Package List

After adding the repository, we need to update the package list so that Ubuntu knows about the new drivers.

To update the package list, run the following command:

sudo apt update

The apt update command updates the package list with the latest available packages from all the repositories that Ubuntu knows about.

Step 3: Installing the Ubuntu-Drivers-Common Package

The next step is to install the ubuntu-drivers-common package. This package provides the necessary tools for managing Nvidia drivers.

To install this package, run the following command:

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-drivers-common

The apt-get install command is used to install packages, and ubuntu-drivers-common is the name of the package we want to install.

Step 4: Automatically Installing the Recommended Nvidia Driver

Ubuntu can automatically install the recommended Nvidia driver for your system.

To do this, run the following command:

sudo ubuntu-drivers autoinstall

The ubuntu-drivers autoinstall command automatically installs the recommended driver.

Step 5: Manually Installing Unmet Dependencies

If you encounter any unmet dependencies during the installation, you will need to manually install them.

For example, if you receive an error related to the xserver-xorg-video-nvidia-418 package, run the following command:

sudo apt install xserver-xorg-video-nvidia-418 nvidia-driver-418

The apt install command is used to install packages, and xserver-xorg-video-nvidia-418 and nvidia-driver-418 are the names of the packages we want to install.

Step 6: Rebooting the System

Once the installation is complete, you need to reboot your system so that Ubuntu can start using the new drivers.

To reboot the system, run the following command:

sudo reboot

The reboot command restarts the system.

Verifying the Installation

After the reboot, the latest Nvidia drivers should be installed on your Ubuntu Server 18.04. You can verify the installation by running the nvidia-smi command in the terminal, which should display information about your Nvidia GPU.

Conclusion

In this article, we have discussed how to install Nvidia drivers on an Ubuntu 18.04 server for RTX card computation. We hope this guide was helpful and you are now able to leverage the power of Nvidia’s RTX cards for computational purposes on your server.

Can I install Nvidia drivers on Ubuntu 18.04 Server for RTX card computation?

Yes, you can install Nvidia drivers on Ubuntu 18.04 Server for RTX card computation by following the steps outlined in this article.

What is the purpose of adding the graphics-drivers PPA repository?

Adding the graphics-drivers PPA repository allows you to access the latest Nvidia drivers that Ubuntu will use to communicate with the GPU.

Do I need to update the package list after adding the graphics-drivers PPA repository?

Yes, updating the package list is necessary so that Ubuntu knows about the new drivers available in the repository.

What is the ubuntu-drivers-common package used for?

The ubuntu-drivers-common package provides tools for managing Nvidia drivers on Ubuntu.

Can Ubuntu automatically install the recommended Nvidia driver?

Yes, Ubuntu can automatically install the recommended Nvidia driver for your system using the "ubuntu-drivers autoinstall" command.

What should I do if I encounter unmet dependencies during the installation?

If you encounter unmet dependencies, you will need to manually install them using the "apt install" command, as shown in Step 5.

Why do I need to reboot the system after installing the Nvidia drivers?

Rebooting the system is necessary for Ubuntu to start using the newly installed Nvidia drivers.

How can I verify that the Nvidia drivers are installed correctly?

You can verify the installation by running the "nvidia-smi" command in the terminal, which should display information about your Nvidia GPU.

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