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How To Install Vanilla GNOME Session on Ubuntu 21.04?

Ubuntu 8

In this guide, we will walk you through the process of installing the Vanilla GNOME Session on Ubuntu 21.04. The GNOME session provides a clean, sleek, and distraction-free desktop environment that is easy to use and navigate.

Quick Answer

To install Vanilla GNOME Session on Ubuntu 21.04, you have two methods: installing vanilla-gnome-desktop for the default GNOME experience with standard GNOME applications, or installing gnome-session for a minimal setup with the default GNOME Shell configuration. After installation, reboot your system and select the GNOME session on the login screen. You can further customize your experience by changing the login screen theme, installing the default GNOME font and icon theme, and adjusting font and theme settings in GNOME Tweaks.

What is Vanilla GNOME Session?

The Vanilla GNOME Session is the default desktop environment for many Linux distributions, including Fedora and Debian. It offers a simple and intuitive interface, making it a great choice for both new and experienced Linux users.

Preparing Your System

Before we begin, ensure that your system is up-to-date. You can do this by running the following command in your terminal:

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

This command will fetch the list of available updates (sudo apt update) and then upgrade your system with those updates (sudo apt upgrade).

Installing Vanilla GNOME Session

There are two main methods to install the Vanilla GNOME Session on Ubuntu 21.04:

Method 1: Install vanilla-gnome-desktop

This method will give you the default GNOME experience with all the standard GNOME applications. To install it, run the following command in your terminal:

sudo apt install vanilla-gnome-desktop

After the installation is complete, reboot your system. On the login screen, click on the cog wheel and select the GNOME session.

Method 2: Install gnome-session

If you prefer a minimal setup and want the default GNOME Shell configuration without the default GNOME applications, you can install gnome-session. Run the following command in your terminal:

sudo apt install gnome-session

Similar to the first method, after the installation is complete, reboot your system. On the login screen, click on the cog wheel and select the GNOME session.

Changing the Login Screen Theme

Ubuntu uses the Yaru theme by default. If you want to change the login screen theme to that of GNOME, run the following command:

sudo update-alternatives --config gdm3-theme.gresource

This command will allow you to select the login screen theme from a list of available themes.

Further Customization

To achieve a completely vanilla GNOME experience, you may want to make some further adjustments:

Install the GNOME Default Font

You can install the default GNOME font, Cantarell, by running the following command:

sudo apt install fonts-cantarell

Install the Adwaita Icon Theme

To install the Adwaita icon theme, which is the default GNOME icon theme, use this command:

sudo apt install adwaita-icon-theme-full

Adjust Font and Theme Settings

Open GNOME Tweaks (if not installed, install it with sudo apt install gnome-tweaks) and ensure that the fonts are set as follows:

  • Interface Text: Cantarell Regular 11
  • Document Text: Cantarell Regular 11
  • Monospace Text: Monospace Regular 11
  • Legacy Window Titles: Cantarell Regular 11

Also, change all themes to Adwaita and disable any Ubuntu extensions.

Conclusion

In this article, we covered how to install the Vanilla GNOME Session on Ubuntu 21.04. We also discussed how to change the login screen theme, install the default font and icon theme, and adjust the font settings in GNOME Tweaks. With these steps, you can enjoy a clean and distraction-free desktop environment. Remember to reboot or log out and log back in to see the changes take effect. Happy computing!

What is the difference between Vanilla GNOME Session and the default Ubuntu desktop environment?

Vanilla GNOME Session offers a more minimal and clean desktop environment compared to the default Ubuntu desktop environment. It provides a simpler interface and removes some of the customizations and applications that come with the default Ubuntu setup.

Can I switch back to the default Ubuntu desktop environment after installing Vanilla GNOME Session?

Yes, you can switch back to the default Ubuntu desktop environment. On the login screen, click on the cog wheel and select the Ubuntu session to switch back to the default environment.

Will installing Vanilla GNOME Session affect my existing files and applications?

Installing Vanilla GNOME Session should not affect your existing files and applications. It primarily changes the appearance and behavior of the desktop environment, but your files and applications should remain intact.

Can I customize the appearance of Vanilla GNOME Session?

Yes, you can customize the appearance of Vanilla GNOME Session. You can change the theme, icon set, fonts, and other settings using GNOME Tweaks, which can be installed with sudo apt install gnome-tweaks.

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