Software & AppsOperating SystemLinux

How To Merge PDF Files in Ubuntu

Ubuntu 6

Ubuntu, a popular Linux distribution, is known for its versatility and functionality. One such functionality is the ability to merge PDF files. In this article, we will discuss several methods to merge PDF files in Ubuntu, including using command-line tools and graphical user interfaces (GUIs).

Quick Answer

To merge PDF files in Ubuntu, you have several options. You can use command-line tools like pdftk, pdfunite, or Ghostscript. Alternatively, you can use graphical user interfaces (GUIs) like PDF Arranger or PDF Chain. Each method has its own advantages, so you can choose the one that suits your preferences and needs.

Using pdftk

The first method involves using pdftk, a powerful command-line tool for manipulating PDF files. You can install it by running the following command in your terminal:

sudo snap install pdftk

After installation, you can merge two PDF files, say file1.pdf and file2.pdf, using the following command:

pdftk file1.pdf file2.pdf cat output mergedfile.pdf

Here, cat is used to concatenate (or merge) the files, and output specifies the name of the output file.

Using PDF Arranger

PDF Arranger is a simple GUI tool for rearranging and merging pages in PDF files. Install it by running:

sudo apt install pdfarranger

After installation, open PDF Arranger, select the PDF files you want to merge, arrange them in the desired order, and then save the result as a new PDF file.

Using Ghostscript

Ghostscript is a powerful tool for working with PDF files and is available by default in Ubuntu. You can merge PDF files using the following command:

gs -dBATCH -dNOPAUSE -q -sDEVICE=pdfwrite -dAutoRotatePages=/None -sOutputFile=merged.pdf file1.pdf file2.pdf

Here, -dBATCH tells Ghostscript to process all the files, -dNOPAUSE prevents Ghostscript from pausing after each page, -q suppresses normal output to reduce clutter, -sDEVICE=pdfwrite sets the output device to PDF, -dAutoRotatePages=/None prevents Ghostscript from rotating pages, and -sOutputFile specifies the output file.

Using pdfunite

pdfunite is a part of the poppler-utils package and can be installed with:

sudo apt-get install poppler-utils

To merge PDF files, use the following command:

pdfunite in-1.pdf in-2.pdf in-n.pdf out.pdf

Here, in-1.pdf, in-2.pdf, etc., are the input files, and out.pdf is the output file.

Using PDF Chain

PDF Chain is a GUI frontend for PDFTK. Install it with:

sudo apt install pdfchain

After installation, you can use PDF Chain to merge, split, and add backgrounds to PDF files.

Using Latex

If you have pdflatex installed, you can use Latex to merge PDF files. Create a file called output.tex with the following content:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{pdfpages}
\begin{document}
\includepdf[pages=-]{file1}
\includepdf[pages=-]{file2}
\end{document}

Then, compile it with pdflatex output.tex to generate the output file output.pdf.

In conclusion, Ubuntu provides numerous ways to merge PDF files, each with its own advantages. Whether you prefer working with the command line or a GUI, there is a method that will suit your needs.

Can I merge multiple PDF files into one using Ubuntu?

Yes, you can merge multiple PDF files into one using various methods in Ubuntu.

What is pdftk and how can I install it?

pdftk is a command-line tool for manipulating PDF files. You can install it by running the command sudo snap install pdftk in your terminal.

How do I merge PDF files using pdftk?

To merge PDF files using pdftk, use the command pdftk file1.pdf file2.pdf cat output mergedfile.pdf in the terminal. Replace file1.pdf and file2.pdf with the actual file names you want to merge.

Is there a graphical user interface (GUI) tool available for merging PDF files in Ubuntu?

Yes, you can use PDF Arranger, a GUI tool for rearranging and merging pages in PDF files. Install it by running sudo apt install pdfarranger in the terminal.

Can I merge PDF files using Ghostscript?

Yes, you can merge PDF files using Ghostscript. Use the command gs -dBATCH -dNOPAUSE -q -sDEVICE=pdfwrite -dAutoRotatePages=/None -sOutputFile=merged.pdf file1.pdf file2.pdf in the terminal, replacing file1.pdf and file2.pdf with the actual file names.

How can I install pdfunite for merging PDF files?

You can install pdfunite by running sudo apt-get install poppler-utils in the terminal.

How do I use pdfunite to merge PDF files?

To merge PDF files using pdfunite, run the command pdfunite in-1.pdf in-2.pdf in-n.pdf out.pdf in the terminal. Replace in-1.pdf, in-2.pdf, etc., with the input files and out.pdf with the output file name.

Is there a GUI frontend available for PDFTK?

Yes, you can use PDF Chain, a GUI frontend for PDFTK. Install it by running sudo apt install pdfchain in the terminal.

Can I merge PDF files using Latex?

Yes, if you have pdflatex installed, you can use Latex to merge PDF files. Create a .tex file with the necessary content and compile it with pdflatex to generate the merged PDF file.

Are there multiple methods available to merge PDF files in Ubuntu?

Yes, Ubuntu provides several methods to merge PDF files, including command-line tools like pdftk and pdfunite, GUI tools like PDF Arranger and PDF Chain, and even using Latex.

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