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Why Is the ‘Repo’ Package Missing in Ubuntu 20.04 and How To Install It?

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In this article, we will explore why the ‘repo’ package is missing in Ubuntu 20.04 and provide detailed instructions on how to install it.

Quick Answer

The ‘repo’ package is missing in Ubuntu 20.04 because it was slow to transition from Python 2 to Python 3, and Ubuntu 20.04 removed Python 2 from its repositories. However, you can still install the ‘repo’ package manually by following the instructions provided in this article. Alternatively, you can download it from the Ubuntu packages website.

Overview

The ‘repo’ tool is a repository management tool that is built on top of Git. It is primarily used to manage projects that consist of multiple Git repositories. However, in Ubuntu 20.04, the ‘repo’ package is not available. This is mainly because the package was slow to transition from Python 2 to Python 3, and Ubuntu 20.04 removed Python 2 from its repositories.

Manual Installation of ‘Repo’

One way to install the ‘repo’ package is to do it manually. The following instructions are based on the official ‘repo’ installation guide.

First, you need to create a directory for ‘repo’ in your home directory:

mkdir ~/bin

The mkdir command is used to create a directory. The ~/bin parameter specifies the location and name of the directory.

Next, add this directory to your PATH:

PATH=~/bin:$PATH

The PATH command is used to specify the directories in which the system looks for executable files. The ~/bin:$PATH parameter adds the newly created directory to the existing PATH.

Then, download the ‘repo’ file:

curl https://storage.googleapis.com/git-repo-downloads/repo > ~/bin/repo

The curl command is used to download files from the internet. The https://storage.googleapis.com/git-repo-downloads/repo parameter specifies the URL of the file to download. The > ~/bin/repo parameter redirects the downloaded file to the specified location.

Finally, make the ‘repo’ file executable:

chmod a+x ~/bin/repo

The chmod command is used to change the permissions of a file. The a+x parameter adds (‘+’) execute (‘x’) permissions for all users (‘a’) to the file. The ~/bin/repo parameter specifies the file to change.

Installing ‘Repo’ from Ubuntu Packages

Another way to install the ‘repo’ package is to download it from the Ubuntu packages website.

First, download the ‘repo’ package and its dependency ‘python-kerberos’:

wget http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/universe/r/repo/repo_1.13.7-1_all.deb
wget http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/p/python-kerberos/python-kerberos_1.1.14-1build2_amd64.deb

The wget command is used to download files from the internet. The URLs specify the location of the files to download.

Next, install ‘python-kerberos’ and then ‘repo’:

sudo dpkg -i python-kerberos_1.1.14-1build2_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i repo_1.13.7-1_all.deb

The dpkg -i command is used to install a package. The filenames specify the packages to install.

Resolving Python Errors

If you encounter an error message like “/usr/bin/env ‘python’ no such file or directory” when using Python 3, you can resolve it by creating a symbolic link:

sudo ln -s /usr/bin/python3 /usr/bin/python

The ln -s command is used to create a symbolic link. The /usr/bin/python3 parameter specifies the target of the link. The /usr/bin/python parameter specifies the name of the link.

Conclusion

While the ‘repo’ package is not available in Ubuntu 20.04, it can still be installed manually or downloaded from the Ubuntu packages website. Additionally, any Python-related errors can be resolved by creating a symbolic link. It’s worth noting that the ‘repo’ package is available in Ubuntu 21 (hirsute) package repository, and switching to a different distribution like Guix is also an option.

Why is the ‘repo’ package missing in Ubuntu 20.04?

The ‘repo’ package is missing in Ubuntu 20.04 because it was slow to transition from Python 2 to Python 3, and Ubuntu 20.04 removed Python 2 from its repositories.

How can I install the ‘repo’ package manually?

To install the ‘repo’ package manually, you can create a directory for ‘repo’ in your home directory, add it to your PATH, download the ‘repo’ file, and make it executable. Detailed instructions can be found in the article above.

Can I install the ‘repo’ package from Ubuntu packages?

Yes, you can download the ‘repo’ package and its dependency ‘python-kerberos’ from the Ubuntu packages website and install them using the ‘dpkg -i’ command. Detailed instructions can be found in the article above.

What should I do if I encounter Python errors when using ‘repo’ with Python 3?

If you encounter an error message like "/usr/bin/env ‘python’ no such file or directory" when using Python 3, you can resolve it by creating a symbolic link. Detailed instructions can be found in the article above.

Is the ‘repo’ package available in Ubuntu 21 (hirsute)?

Yes, the ‘repo’ package is available in the Ubuntu 21 (hirsute) package repository. If you are using Ubuntu 21, you can simply install it from the repository without any additional steps.

Can I switch to a different distribution like Guix to get the ‘repo’ package?

Yes, switching to a different distribution like Guix is also an option if you want to get the ‘repo’ package. Different distributions may have different package availability and management systems, so you can explore alternative distributions if needed.

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