MP3 tags, also known as metadata, contain important information about a song such as the title, artist, album, and more. They are essential for organizing and managing your music library. In this article, we will explore several ways to read MP3 tags from the shell using various tools and commands.
To read MP3 tags in the shell, you can use tools like ffprobe, mp3info, eyed3, id3v2, exiftool, lltag, and tinytag. These tools allow you to extract and display specific tags such as artist, album, title, and more.
ffprobe is a powerful tool that comes with the
ffmpeg package. It can extract a wide range of metadata from media files, including MP3 tags.
ffmpeg, use the following command:
sudo apt-get install ffmpeg
After installation, you can use
ffprobe to read MP3 tags with this command:
This command will display a lot of information. To extract specific tags, you can combine
grep. For example, to display only the metadata section, use:
ffprobe file.mp3 2>&1 | grep -A90 'Metadata:'
In this command,
2>&1 redirects all output (including errors) to standard output,
grep filters the output, and
grep to print 90 lines following the ‘Metadata:’ line.
mp3info is a simple command-line utility that can read and modify id3v1 tags in MP3 files.
sudo apt-get install mp3info
You can then read MP3 tags using:
mp3info -p %a file.mp3
In this command,
-p stands for print, and
%a represents the artist tag. You can replace
%a with other keys like
%t for title,
%l for album, etc.
eyed3 is a Python tool and library for manipulating ID3 tags. It supports both ID3v1 and ID3v2 tags.
sudo apt-get install eyed3
You can then display all the tags using:
To filter specific tags, use
eyeD3 song.mp3 | grep artist
id3v2 is a command-line id3v2 tag editor. You can use it to view, edit, or delete tags in an MP3 file.
To view all the ID3 tags of an MP3 file, use:
id3v2 -l somefile.mp3
To view a specific tag, use:
id3v2 -l somefile.mp3 | grep artist
exiftool is a Perl library and command-line application for reading, writing, and editing meta information in a wide variety of files, including MP3 files.
sudo apt-get install libimage-exiftool-perl
You can then display all the metadata, including the MP3 tags, using:
lltag is a command-line tool that can automatically set tags in MP3 files. It supports various tag standards, including ID3v1 and ID3v2.
sudo apt-get install lltag
You can then view all the tags using:
lltag -S somefile.mp3
To specify certain tags, use:
lltag --show-tags artist,album,title,number somefile.mp3
In this command,
--show-tags specifies which tags to display.
tinytag is a Python library for reading music meta data of MP3, OGG, FLAC and Wave files.
pip install tinytag
You can then use the
TinyTag class in Python to read MP3 tags programmatically.
In conclusion, there are various ways to read MP3 tags from the shell. The method you choose depends on your specific needs and the tools available on your system. With these commands and tools at your disposal, you can easily manage and organize your music library.
Metadata in MP3 files refers to the information embedded within the file itself that provides details about the audio content, such as the title, artist, album, track number, genre, and more.
Reading MP3 tags is important because it helps in organizing and managing your music library. It allows you to easily search and filter songs based on specific criteria, such as artist, album, or genre.
Yes, you can read MP3 tags directly from the command line using various tools and commands like
You can install the required tools by using package managers like
apt-get for Ubuntu or
brew for macOS. For example, to install
ffmpeg, you can use
sudo apt-get install ffmpeg.
Yes, you can extract specific MP3 tags using these tools. For example, with
ffprobe, you can combine it with
grep to filter the output and display only the desired tags.
Yes, there are programming libraries like
tinytag available in Python that allow you to read MP3 tags programmatically. These libraries provide an easy way to access and manipulate metadata in your code.
Yes, some of these tools like
exiftool also provide functionality to edit or modify MP3 tags. However, be cautious while modifying tags as it can alter the original metadata of the file.
The choice of tool depends on your specific requirements and the tools available on your system. If you prefer a simple command-line utility, you can use tools like
id3v2. If you need more advanced features,
exiftool can be a good choice.
Yes, most of these tools and commands are available on multiple operating systems, including Windows. However, the installation process and package managers may differ. You can check the documentation of the respective tools for instructions on how to install them on your operating system.
Yes, there are several GUI tools available for reading and managing MP3 tags. Some popular ones include MusicBrainz Picard, Mp3tag, and Kid3. These tools provide a more user-friendly interface for viewing and editing MP3 tags.