In this article, we will delve into the process of automatically remapping mouse buttons at startup. This can be particularly useful for those who want custom functionality from their mouse buttons, especially in a Linux environment. We’ll be using the
xinput command-line tool for this purpose, and we’ll explore two different solutions.
Yes, it is possible to automatically remap mouse buttons at startup in a Linux environment using the
xinput command-line tool. There are two different solutions discussed in this article: using
.xsessionrc, or using
xautomation. Both solutions involve identifying the mouse device, determining the button numbers, and writing a script to remap the buttons.
- What is xinput?
- Solution 1: Using xinput and .xsessionrc
- Solution 2: Using xinput, xbindkeys, and xautomation
xinput is a utility to configure and test X input devices, such as mouses, keyboards, and touchpads. It’s a powerful tool that allows you to change the way your input devices behave. In this tutorial, we will use it to remap mouse buttons.
Solution 1: Using
Step 1: Install
xinput is not already installed on your system, you can install it using the package manager of your Linux distribution. For Ubuntu, you can use the following command:
sudo apt-get install xinput
Step 2: Identify your Mouse Device
xinput command to list all your input devices. Your mouse will be listed there with its name and ID. The command is as follows:
Step 3: Determine Button Numbers
xinput test command can be used to determine the button numbers you want to remap. Simply replace “device_id” with your mouse’s device ID:
xinput test device_id
Step 4: Create or Edit
~/.xsessionrc file is a script that is executed when your X session starts. We can add our remapping command here. Open the file with a text editor of your choice and add the following script:
my_mouse_id=$(xinput | grep -m 1 "Your Mouse Name" | sed 's/^.*id=\([0-9]*\)[ \t].*$/\1/')
xinput set-button-map $my_mouse_id 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
In this script, “Your Mouse Name” should be replaced with the name of your mouse as shown in the
xinput output. The
xinput set-button-map command is used to remap the buttons. The numbers after
$my_mouse_id represent the new button mapping.
Step 5: Make
Save the file and make it executable by running the following command:
chmod +x ~/.xsessionrc
Your mouse buttons will now be remapped automatically at every startup.
Solution 2: Using
Step 1: Install
First, you need to install these three tools on your system. For Ubuntu, you can use the following commands:
sudo apt-get install xinput
sudo apt-get install xbindkeys
sudo apt-get install xautomation
Step 2: Identify your Mouse Device and Button Numbers
This step is the same as in Solution 1. Use the
xinput command to find the ID of your mouse device and the
xinput --get-button-map command to determine the button numbers you want to remap.
Step 3: Create or Edit
~/.xbindkeysrc file is where
xbindkeys looks for its configuration. Open the file with a text editor of your choice and add the following lines:
"/usr/bin/xte 'mouseclick 1' 'mouseclick 1' &"
b:8 + Release
This example remaps button #8 to perform a double-click of the left button (#1). Adjust the command and button numbers according to your needs.
Step 4: Add
xbindkeys to Startup Applications
You need to add an entry to your startup applications to run
xbindkeys at startup. Create a new file in
~/.config/autostart/ with the
.desktop extension and add the following lines:
Now, your mouse buttons will be remapped automatically at every startup.
Remapping mouse buttons at startup can be achieved in a Linux environment using the
xinput command-line tool. Whether you choose to use
.xsessionrc or with
xautomation, the process involves identifying your mouse device, determining the button numbers, and writing a script to remap the buttons. Remember to adjust the commands and button numbers according to your specific mouse model and configuration.
Remapping mouse buttons allows users to customize the functionality of their mouse buttons according to their preferences. This can be helpful for tasks such as navigating through web pages, opening applications, or executing specific commands.
Yes, you can remap mouse buttons on various operating systems, including Linux, Windows, and macOS. However, the specific methods and tools used may vary depending on the operating system.
Yes, administrative privileges (root access) are required to install packages and use
xinput on most Linux distributions. You may need to use the
sudo command before package installation or running
Yes, you can remap multiple mouse buttons at once by specifying the new button mapping in the
xinput set-button-map command. Simply list the desired button numbers in the desired order, separated by spaces.
To undo or reset the remapped mouse buttons, you can either remove or comment out the remapping script in
~/.xsessionrc or delete the
~/.xbindkeysrc file, depending on the solution you used. After doing so, restart your system or log out and log back in for the changes to take effect.
xinput can be used to remap buttons on various input devices, including keyboards and touchpads. However, the process and commands may differ depending on the device and the specific remapping you want to achieve.