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How To Remote Desktop from Windows to Lubuntu with xrdp

Ubuntu 21

In this article, we will explore the process of setting up a Remote Desktop connection from a Windows machine to a Lubuntu system using xrdp. This can be particularly useful for system administrators and users who need to access their Lubuntu machine from a different location.

Quick Answer

To remote desktop from Windows to Lubuntu with xrdp, you need to install and configure xrdp on your Lubuntu machine. Once xrdp is installed, you can use the Remote Desktop Connection client on your Windows machine to connect to your Lubuntu machine by entering the IP address and providing your Lubuntu username and password.

Prerequisites

Before we begin, ensure that you have the following:

  • A Lubuntu machine with internet access
  • A Windows machine with a Remote Desktop client installed
  • Sufficient permissions on the Lubuntu machine to install and configure software

Installing xrdp on Lubuntu

xrdp is an open-source Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) server that allows you to connect to a Linux machine from a Windows system. To install xrdp on your Lubuntu machine, follow the steps below:

  1. Open a terminal on your Lubuntu machine. You can do this by searching for “Terminal” in the application menu or by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T.
  2. In the terminal, type the following command and press Enter:
sudo apt-get install xrdp

The sudo command is used to execute the following command with root privileges. apt-get install is the command used to install new software on Ubuntu and its derivatives. xrdp is the name of the package we want to install.

Configuring xrdp

Once xrdp is installed, we need to configure it to use the Lubuntu desktop environment when a remote connection is established.

  1. In the terminal, type the following command to open the startwm.sh file for editing:
sudo nano /etc/xrdp/startwm.sh

nano is a simple text editor in Linux. /etc/xrdp/startwm.sh is the script that xrdp executes when a remote desktop session is started.

  1. Make sure that the last line of the file looks like this:
. /etc/X11/Xsession

If it doesn’t, modify it accordingly. This line ensures that the Xsession script is executed, which is responsible for starting the desktop environment.

  1. Save the changes and close the editor. In nano, you can do this by pressing Ctrl + X, then Y to confirm saving the changes, and finally Enter to confirm the file name.

Setting up the .xsession file

Next, we need to set up the .xsession file to specify that we want to use the Lubuntu desktop environment.

  1. Go to your home folder, right-click, and select “Show hidden” to display hidden files.
  2. Check if there is a file named .xsession. If it doesn’t exist, create a new file with that name. If it does exist, open it for editing.
  3. In the .xsession file, make sure it contains the following line:
lxsession -e LXDE -s Lubuntu

lxsession is the session manager for LXDE (the desktop environment used by Lubuntu). The -e LXDE option specifies the desktop environment, and -s Lubuntu specifies the session or theme.

  1. Save the changes and close the editor.

Restarting xrdp

Finally, we need to restart the xrdp service for our changes to take effect.

In the terminal, type the following command:

sudo service xrdp restart

The service command is used to run a System V init script, in this case, xrdp. restart tells the init script to stop and then start the service.

Connecting from Windows

Now, you should be able to connect to your Lubuntu machine from your Windows machine. Open the Remote Desktop Connection client on your Windows machine, enter the IP address of your Lubuntu machine, and click “Connect”. When prompted, enter your Lubuntu username and password.

Conclusion

In this article, we covered how to set up a Remote Desktop connection from a Windows machine to a Lubuntu system using xrdp. This can be a powerful tool for remote system administration or for users who need to access their Lubuntu system from afar. As always, ensure that your systems are secure and that you are following best practices when setting up remote connections.

Can I use any Remote Desktop client on my Windows machine to connect to Lubuntu with xrdp?

Yes, you can use any Remote Desktop client that supports the Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) to connect to Lubuntu with xrdp. Some popular options include Microsoft Remote Desktop, Remmina, and FreeRDP.

Do I need to have a static IP address for my Lubuntu machine to connect remotely?

No, you do not need a static IP address for your Lubuntu machine. You can use dynamic DNS services or set up port forwarding on your router to access your Lubuntu machine even if its IP address changes.

Can I use xrdp to connect to Lubuntu from a different operating system, such as macOS?

Yes, xrdp is not limited to Windows-to-Lubuntu connections. You can also use xrdp to connect to Lubuntu from other operating systems, including macOS and Linux. Just make sure you have a Remote Desktop client that supports RDP installed on your machine.

Can I connect to multiple Lubuntu machines simultaneously using xrdp?

Yes, you can connect to multiple Lubuntu machines simultaneously using xrdp. Each machine will have a unique IP address, and you can open multiple instances of your Remote Desktop client to connect to each machine.

Is it possible to access files on my Windows machine from Lubuntu using xrdp?

Yes, it is possible to access files on your Windows machine from Lubuntu using xrdp. When you establish a remote desktop connection, you can transfer files between the Windows and Lubuntu machines by using the file transfer feature of your Remote Desktop client.

Can I customize the appearance and settings of my Lubuntu desktop when connected via xrdp?

Yes, you can customize the appearance and settings of your Lubuntu desktop when connected via xrdp. You can modify the desktop background, theme, and other settings just like you would on a local Lubuntu session.

Is xrdp secure for remote desktop connections?

xrdp itself does not provide encryption for remote desktop connections. It is recommended to use xrdp in combination with a secure tunneling protocol such as SSH or a VPN to ensure the security of your remote desktop sessions.

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