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How To Run a .run File as Root for Nvidia Drivers on Ubuntu

Ubuntu 11

In this guide, we will walk you through the process of running a .run file as root for Nvidia drivers on Ubuntu. This can be useful when you need to install Nvidia drivers manually. However, please remember that running commands as root should be done with caution. Always ensure that the package or command is trustworthy before running it with sudo.

Quick Answer

To run a .run file as root for Nvidia drivers on Ubuntu, open the Terminal, navigate to the directory where the file is located, make the file executable using the chmod command, and then run the file as root using the sudo command.


Before we begin, make sure you have the following:

  • A .run file that you want to execute. In this case, it is an Nvidia driver file.
  • Ubuntu operating system.
  • Terminal access.
  • Sudo or root privileges.

Step 1: Open Terminal

Firstly, open the Terminal application on your Ubuntu system. You can do this by searching for “Terminal” in the applications menu or by using the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + Alt + T.

Step 2: Navigate to the Directory

Next, navigate to the directory where your .run file is located. Use the cd command to change directories. For example, if your file is in the Downloads directory, you would type:

cd ~/Downloads

The ~ symbol represents your home directory, and cd stands for “change directory”.

Step 3: Make the File Executable

Before you can run the .run file, you need to make it executable. This can be done with the chmod command followed by 755 and the filename. Here’s an example:

chmod 755

In this command, chmod changes the file mode, 755 sets the permissions to read, write, and execute for the owner, and read and execute for the group and others. Replace with the name of your .run file.

Step 4: Run the File as Root

Now that the file is executable, you can run it as root. This is done by typing sudo before the command to run the file. Here’s an example:

sudo ./

In this command, sudo stands for “superuser do”, which allows you to run commands with root-level permissions. The ./ before the filename is used to specify that the file is in the current directory.

You will be prompted to enter your password before the command is executed. This is a security feature of sudo.


That’s it! You have successfully run a .run file as root on Ubuntu. This guide should help you manually install Nvidia drivers if needed. However, if you are a beginner and not familiar with running commands as root, it is recommended to explore other methods for installing drivers, such as using the “Additional Drivers” tool in the system settings.

Remember to always exercise caution and backup your system before making any changes or installations. For more information on installing Nvidia drivers, you can visit the Nvidia website.

If you have any questions or run into any issues, feel free to ask for help on the Ubuntu Forums or Ask Ubuntu.

Can I run a .run file as root without using sudo?

No, running a .run file as root requires the use of the sudo command. The sudo command allows you to run commands with root-level permissions, ensuring the necessary privileges for executing the file.

Is it safe to run a .run file as root?

Running a .run file as root should be done with caution. It is essential to ensure that the package or command is trustworthy before executing it with sudo. Always download the .run file from a reliable source and verify its authenticity to minimize potential risks.

How can I verify the authenticity of a .run file?

To verify the authenticity of a .run file, you can check its digital signature or checksum. Nvidia provides instructions on how to verify the integrity of their driver files on their official website. Following these instructions will help ensure that the file has not been tampered with and is from a trusted source.

Can I install Nvidia drivers using the “Additional Drivers” tool instead of running a .run file?

Yes, Ubuntu provides an "Additional Drivers" tool in the system settings that allows you to install Nvidia drivers without manually running a .run file. This tool automatically detects and suggests the appropriate drivers for your Nvidia graphics card, making the installation process more user-friendly for beginners.

What should I do if I encounter issues while running the .run file?

If you encounter any issues while running the .run file, it is recommended to seek help from the Ubuntu community. You can ask for assistance on the Ubuntu Forums or Ask Ubuntu, where experienced users can provide guidance and troubleshooting steps specific to your situation. It’s always a good idea to provide detailed information about the problem you’re facing to receive accurate support.

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