Managing power efficiently is a crucial aspect of maintaining your Ubuntu computer. One way to do this is by scheduling the startup and shutdown times of your system. This article will walk you through various methods to achieve this.
To schedule startup and shutdown on your Ubuntu computer for efficient power management, you can use the
shutdown command to schedule shutdowns, and configure the BIOS/UEFI settings to schedule startups. Additionally, you can use the
rtcwake command to put your computer to sleep and schedule it to wake up at a specific time. Another option is to install and use the Wake on Plan application for scheduling startups.
shutdown command is a simple and effective way to schedule a shutdown. This command can be used in the terminal. Here’s how to use it:
sudo shutdown -h 02:00
In this command,
-h stands for halt, which means to shut down the system.
02:00 is the time when the system will shut down. However, this command doesn’t allow you to schedule a startup.
Using Cron for Scheduling Tasks
Cron is a built-in Linux utility that you can use to schedule tasks. It can be used to schedule both startup and shutdown tasks.
To schedule a shutdown, you can use the
shutdown command in a cron job. Open the crontab file by typing
crontab -e in the terminal. Add the following line to schedule a shutdown at 2:00 AM:
0 2 * * * /sbin/shutdown -h now
In this line,
0 2 * * * specifies the time (2:00 AM daily), and
/sbin/shutdown -h now is the command to be executed.
To schedule a startup, you’ll need to configure the BIOS/UEFI settings of your computer. This process varies depending on the motherboard manufacturer, so refer to your motherboard’s manual for detailed instructions.
rtcwake command allows you to put your computer to sleep and schedule it to wake up at a specific time. Here’s how to use it:
sudo rtcwake -s 14400 -m off
In this command,
-s 14400 specifies the sleep duration in seconds (4 hours in this case), and
-m off means to shut off the system.
Using Wake on Plan
Wake on Plan is an application that allows you to schedule startup on your computer. It’s not available in the official repository, but you can install it from the PPA provided by the developer. Here’s how to install and use it:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:xintx-ua/wakeonplan sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install wakeonplan
After installing, you can access the Wake on Plan GUI from the applications menu.
In conclusion, scheduling startup and shutdown times can help manage power efficiently on your Ubuntu computer. Whether you choose to use the
shutdown command, cron,
rtcwake, or Wake on Plan, each method offers unique benefits to cater to different user needs.
shutdown command can only be used to schedule shutdowns. To schedule startups, you’ll need to configure the BIOS/UEFI settings of your computer.
Yes, you can schedule recurring shutdowns using cron. In the crontab file, specify the desired time and use the
shutdown command with the
-h option to schedule the shutdown.
Yes, you can use the
rtcwake command to schedule your computer to wake up from sleep at a specific time. Specify the sleep duration and use the
-m off option to shut off the system during the sleep period.
No, Wake on Plan is not available in the official repository. However, you can install it from the PPA provided by the developer.
After installing Wake on Plan, you can access the GUI from the applications menu. Look for the Wake on Plan application and click on it to open the GUI.