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How To Switch from Wayland to X on Ubuntu 22.04

Ubuntu 13

In this article, we will guide you on how to switch from Wayland to X on Ubuntu 22.04. We will explain the process in a step-by-step manner, ensuring that even beginners can follow along easily.

Quick Answer

To switch from Wayland to X on Ubuntu 22.04, you can either use the terminal or the login screen. In the terminal, you need to edit the custom.conf file and modify the WaylandEnable setting. On the login screen, select "Ubuntu on XOrg" instead of "Ubuntu (Wayland)". Please note that some users have reported issues when switching from Wayland to X, so proceed with caution and consider backing up your data before making any changes.

Introduction

Ubuntu 22.04, like many modern Linux distributions, uses the Wayland display server protocol by default. However, some users may prefer to switch back to the older X.Org (X11) display server for compatibility reasons or personal preference.

Method 1: Switching from Wayland to X using Terminal

The terminal is a powerful tool that allows you to control your computer with text commands. Here’s how you can use it to switch from Wayland to X.

Step 1: Open the Terminal

You can open the terminal by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T.

Step 2: Edit the custom.conf File

The custom.conf file is a configuration file for the GDM3 login manager, which Ubuntu uses by default. You can open this file in a text editor with the following command:

$ sudo nano /etc/gdm3/custom.conf

In this command, sudo allows you to run commands with administrative privileges, nano is a simple text editor, and /etc/gdm3/custom.conf is the path to the file you want to edit.

Step 3: Modify the WaylandEnable Setting

In the custom.conf file, find the line that says #WaylandEnable=false. This line is a comment (indicated by the # symbol) that shows the default setting.

To disable Wayland and switch to X, remove the # symbol and change false to true, so the line reads WaylandEnable=true.

Step 4: Save and Exit

Save the file by pressing Ctrl+O, then exit nano by pressing Ctrl+X.

Step 5: Restart Your System

Finally, restart your system for the changes to take effect. You can do this through the GUI or by using the reboot command in the terminal.

Method 2: Switching from Wayland to X using the Login Screen

If you prefer not to use the terminal, you can also switch from Wayland to X from the login screen, provided this option is available on your system.

Step 1: Navigate to the Login Screen

On the lock screen or login screen, click on the password field or type your password.

Step 2: Select the X Session

Look for a cog wheel icon in the bottom right corner of the screen and click on it. If available, you will see two options: “Ubuntu (Wayland – the default)” and “Ubuntu on XOrg”. Select “Ubuntu on XOrg” to switch to X.

Step 3: Log In

After selecting “Ubuntu on XOrg”, sign in as usual. You will be logged into the X session.

Conclusion

Switching from Wayland to X on Ubuntu 22.04 can be done either through the terminal or the login screen. However, please note that some users have reported issues when switching from Wayland to X, such as system boot failures. If you encounter any problems, you can try booting into recovery mode and undoing the changes made to the custom.conf file.

For more information and alternative solutions, you can refer to the Ubuntu community documentation or ask for help on the Ubuntu forums. Remember, it’s always a good idea to back up your data before making significant system changes.

Can I switch from Wayland to X on any version of Ubuntu?

The steps provided in this article are specifically for Ubuntu 22.04. While the general process may be similar for other versions, it’s recommended to refer to the documentation or forums for your specific version of Ubuntu.

Will switching from Wayland to X cause any issues with my system?

Switching from Wayland to X can sometimes lead to compatibility issues or system boot failures. If you encounter any problems, you can try booting into recovery mode and undoing the changes made to the custom.conf file.

Can I switch back to Wayland after switching to X?

Yes, you can switch back to Wayland if you prefer. Simply follow the same steps outlined in this article, but instead of enabling X by modifying the custom.conf file, you would disable X by commenting out the WaylandEnable=true line.

Can I switch between Wayland and X without restarting my system?

No, switching between Wayland and X requires a system restart for the changes to take effect.

Is it necessary to back up my data before switching from Wayland to X?

While it’s always a good practice to back up your data before making significant system changes, switching from Wayland to X should not affect your personal files. However, it’s better to be safe and have a backup in case any unexpected issues arise.

Can I use the graphical interface to switch from Wayland to X?

Yes, you can switch from Wayland to X using the graphical login screen. Simply follow the steps outlined in the article under the "Method 2: Switching from Wayland to X using the Login Screen" section.

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