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How To Upgrade GNOME in Ubuntu 20.04?

Ubuntu 20

Upgrading your GNOME environment in Ubuntu 20.04 can provide you with the latest features and improvements. However, the process requires some technical knowledge and careful execution. This article will guide you through two methods of upgrading GNOME in Ubuntu 20.04: using a Personal Package Archive (PPA) and upgrading your Ubuntu version.

Quick Answer

To upgrade GNOME in Ubuntu 20.04, you have two options: using a Personal Package Archive (PPA) or upgrading your Ubuntu version. Using a PPA involves adding a third-party repository and installing the necessary packages, while upgrading your Ubuntu version to 21.04 automatically includes the latest version of GNOME. Both methods have their own risks and benefits, so it’s important to evaluate them carefully before proceeding.

Method 1: Using a PPA

Personal Package Archives, or PPAs, are repositories that allow you to install and upgrade packages that are not available in the official Ubuntu repositories. However, using third-party PPAs can potentially break your system, so it’s important to proceed with caution.

Step 1: Add the PPA

Currently, there is no official PPA for GNOME 40 in Ubuntu 20.04. However, you can use a third-party PPA called devacom/gnome-40. To add this PPA to your system, open a terminal and type the following commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:devacom/gnome-40
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:devacom/x11
sudo apt-get update

The sudo command allows you to run commands with administrative privileges. add-apt-repository is a script that adds a PPA to your system. The apt-get update command updates the package list for the newly added PPA.

Step 2: Install the gnome-shell package

Before upgrading, install the gnome-shell package to ensure that the desktop loads properly after the upgrade. To do this, type the following command in the terminal:

sudo apt install ubuntu-desktop

The apt install command installs the specified package, in this case, ubuntu-desktop, which is a metapackage that includes gnome-shell and other necessary packages for the GNOME desktop environment.

Step 3: Upgrade your system

Now, you can upgrade your system with the following command:

sudo apt upgrade

The apt upgrade command upgrades all upgradable packages on your system.

Step 4: Reboot your system

Finally, reboot your system to apply the changes. You should now have GNOME 40 installed on your Ubuntu 20.04.

Note: This method is not officially supported and may have stability issues. Make sure to backup your important data before proceeding.

Method 2: Upgrade to Ubuntu 21.04

If you want a more stable and officially supported option, consider upgrading your Ubuntu version to 21.04. Ubuntu 21.04 comes with GNOME 40 by default, so you won’t need any additional steps to install it. However, upgrading your Ubuntu version may require reinstalling some programs and configuring your system settings again.

To upgrade to Ubuntu 21.04, use the following command:

sudo do-release-upgrade

The do-release-upgrade command upgrades your Ubuntu version to the next available release.

Before proceeding with the upgrade, it’s recommended to backup your important files and create a system snapshot or disk image.

Conclusion

Upgrading GNOME in Ubuntu 20.04 can provide you with the latest features and improvements, but it also comes with risks. Always back up your important data before making significant changes to your system. If you’re unsure, consider seeking help from a professional or experienced user.

Remember, the stability of your system is more important than having the latest features. So, evaluate the risks and benefits carefully before deciding to upgrade GNOME or your Ubuntu version.

Is upgrading GNOME in Ubuntu 20.04 officially supported?

No, upgrading GNOME in Ubuntu 20.04 using a PPA is not officially supported. It is a third-party method that may have stability issues. It’s recommended to backup your important data before proceeding.

Can I downgrade GNOME after upgrading?

Downgrading GNOME after upgrading can be complex and may cause system instability. It’s generally not recommended to downgrade major components like GNOME. It’s best to thoroughly research and understand the implications before attempting a downgrade.

Will upgrading GNOME in Ubuntu 20.04 affect my installed applications?

Upgrading GNOME may not directly affect your installed applications, but there can be compatibility issues with some applications. It’s recommended to check for any known issues with your specific applications before proceeding with the upgrade.

Can I uninstall the PPA after upgrading GNOME?

Yes, you can uninstall the PPA after upgrading GNOME. However, removing the PPA will not revert your system back to the previous version of GNOME. It’s important to understand that upgrading GNOME using a PPA is a one-way process.

How long does it take to upgrade GNOME in Ubuntu 20.04?

The time taken to upgrade GNOME in Ubuntu 20.04 can vary depending on the speed of your internet connection and the performance of your system. It can take anywhere from a few minutes to over an hour. It’s recommended to have a stable internet connection and sufficient time before starting the upgrade process.

Can I upgrade GNOME in Ubuntu 20.04 without using a PPA?

No, GNOME 40 is not officially available for Ubuntu 20.04. Using a PPA is currently the only method to upgrade GNOME in Ubuntu 20.04. If you prefer a more stable and officially supported option, consider upgrading your Ubuntu version to 21.04, which comes with GNOME 40 by default.

Will upgrading GNOME in Ubuntu 20.04 delete my files?

Upgrading GNOME in Ubuntu 20.04 should not delete your files. However, it’s always recommended to backup your important data before making any significant changes to your system, as there is a small risk of data loss during the upgrade process.

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