In this article, we will delve into a common issue faced by many system administrators working with the VSFTPD service on Ubuntu Server – the inability to restart or stop the VSFTPD service. We will examine the root cause of this issue and provide a detailed guide on how to resolve it.
To restart or stop the VSFTPD service on Ubuntu Server, you need to use the commands "sudo restart vsftpd" or "sudo stop vsftpd" instead of the usual "sudo service vsftpd restart" or "sudo service vsftpd stop". This is because the system is using Upstart as the init system, and the VSFTPD service script is symlinked to "/lib/init/upstart-job".
VSFTPD, which stands for Very Secure FTP Daemon, is an FTP server for Unix-like systems, including Linux. It is secure, fast, and stable, making it a popular choice for serving files over the network.
The problem arises when you try to restart or stop the VSFTPD service using the usual commands:
sudo service vsftpd restart sudo service vsftpd stop
Instead of executing as expected, these commands return an error message:
sudo: /etc/init.d/vsftpd: command not found. This suggests that the VSFTPD service script is not located in the expected directory.
The root cause of this issue is that the system is using Upstart as the init system, and the VSFTPD service script is symlinked to
To restart or stop the VSFTPD service on a system using Upstart, you need to use the following commands:
sudo restart vsftpd sudo stop vsftpd
stop commands are specific to systems using Upstart. They instruct the init system to stop the current service and start a new instance, or to stop the service completely.
Checking the Configuration File
If you’re still facing issues with the VSFTPD service, it’s recommended to check the
vsftpd.conf configuration file for any errors or misconfigurations. This file, usually located in the
/etc directory, contains the settings for the VSFTPD service. Any errors in this file could prevent the service from starting correctly.
Lastly, ensure that the necessary ports (usually 20 and 21 for FTP) are open in your firewall settings. If these ports are blocked, the VSFTPD service may not be able to establish connections with clients, leading to issues when trying to restart or stop the service.
In conclusion, the inability to restart or stop the VSFTPD service on Ubuntu Server is usually due to the system using Upstart as the init system. By using the correct commands and ensuring that your configuration file and firewall settings are correct, you can resolve this issue and regain control over the VSFTPD service.
You can check if the VSFTPD service is running on your Ubuntu Server by using the following command:
sudo service vsftpd status. This will display the current status of the service.
To start the VSFTPD service on your Ubuntu Server, you can use the command
sudo service vsftpd start. This will initiate the service and allow it to accept FTP connections.
To enable the VSFTPD service to start automatically on system boot, you can use the command
sudo systemctl enable vsftpd. This will create the necessary symlinks to ensure the service starts on boot.
The VSFTPD log files can be found in the
/var/log directory on your Ubuntu Server. The main log file is typically named
You can change the configuration settings for the VSFTPD service by editing the
vsftpd.conf file, which is usually located in the
/etc directory. Use a text editor like
vi to make the necessary changes, and then restart the service for the changes to take effect.
Yes, VSFTPD supports SSL/TLS encryption. You can enable SSL/TLS by editing the
vsftpd.conf file and configuring the necessary SSL/TLS settings. Additionally, you will need to generate or obtain SSL/TLS certificates for use with the service.